Places Known For

community called


Santiago Tianguistenco

, the municipality is home to a major industrial site that produces commercial trucks. The municipality is also home to a community called Gualupita, famous for its wool items, Santiago Tilapa, which as a patron festival known in Mexico


Tequila, Jalisco

of the building. After extensive remodeling, it reopened as the Casa de Cultura Tequilense (Tequila Cultural Center) and remained so until 2000, when it was converted into the National Museum of Tequila. It is the first museum in the world dedicated to this liquor. Just10 km outside the town of Tequila proper is the Sanctuary of Saint Toribio Romo González on the road that leads to the Balneario La Toma, in a community called Agua Caliente. Toribio Romo


Emirate of Bukhara

Nathan Adler . The term ''Bukharan'' was coined by European travelers who visited Central Asia around the 16th century. Since most of the Jewish community at the time lived under the Emirate of Bukhara, they came to be known as ''Bukharan'' Jews. The name by which the community called itself is "Isro'il (Israel)" (Israelites). Having developed over the millennia from Spanish Jewish and northeastern Persian (Persian Jews) and Arab Jewish communities, this Central Asian community has experienced alternating periods of freedom and prosperity, as well as periods of oppression. With the establishment of the Silk Road between China and the West (Western world) in the 2nd century BCE that lasted well into the 16th century, many Jews flocked to the Emirate of Bukhara and played a great role in its development. After the Babylonian exile, they came under the Persian Empire, as they prospered and spread through the area. However, around the 5th century, began a period of persecution. Famous Jewish academies in Babylon were closed, while many Jews were killed and expelled (see Mishnah). After Arab Muslim conquest in the early 8th century, Jews (as well as Christians) were considered Dhimmis and were forced, among other things, to pay the ''jizya'' head tax. The Mongol invasion in the 13th century also adversely affected the Jews of Bukhara. (January 3, 1880–April 28, 1944) was the last emir of the Manghit dynasty, the last ruling dynasty of the Emirate of Bukhara in Central Asia. Although Bukhara was a protectorate of the Russian Empire from 1873, the Emir presided over the internal affairs of his emirate as absolute monarch (absolute monarchy) and reigned from January 3, 1911 to August 30, 1920. With the Russian Empire continuously advancing south in the course of two wars against Persia, and the treaties of Turkmanchai and Golestan in the western frontiers, plus the unexpected death of Abbas Mirza in 1823, and the murder of Persia's Grand Vizier (''Mirza AbolQasem Qa'im Maqām''), Persia lost its traditional foothold in Central Asia to the Russian Tsarist armies. '' Nasser Takmil Homayoun. ''Kharazm: What do I know about Iran?''. 2004. ISBN 964-379-023-1 p.78 '' The Russian armies occupied the Aral (Aral Sea) coast in 1849, Tashkent in 1864, Bukhara (Emirate of Bukhara) in 1867, Samarkand in 1868, and Khiva (Khanate of Khiva) and Amudarya in 1873. The Treaty of Akhal, in which the Qajarid's were forced to cede Khwarazm, topped off Persian losses to the global emerging power of Imperial Russia. After the Russian revolution of 1917, the entire space occupied today by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and the southern part of Kazakhstan consisted of three administrative territorial units: the Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Turkestan ASSR), created in April 1918 within the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), and the two successor states of the Emirate of Bukhara and the Khanate of Khiva, which were transformed into Bukhara (Bukharan People's Soviet Republic) and Khorezm People's Soviet Republics following the takeover by the Red Army in 1920. North of Turkestan ASSR lay the Kirghiz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Kirghiz ASSR, Kirgizistan ASSR on the map), which was created on 26 August 1920 in the territory coinciding with the northern part of today's Kazakhstan (the southern part of Kazakhstan, south of the Aral Sea–Balkhash Lake line, was part of Turkestan ASSR in 1920). thumb left 200px Phoenix on the portal of Nadir Divan-Beghi madrasah (part of Lyab-i Hauz complex) (Image:Nadir Madrasah Phoenix.JPG) The history of this ensemble is closely connected with the name of Nadir Divan-Beghi, who was an important grandee, vizier, and also an uncle of the Emir of Bukhara (Emirate of Bukhara) Imam Quli Khan. It is said that when Nadir Divan-Beghi built the Khanaka which bears his name, near the site of the building there was a large holding owned by an old Jewish widow. (There was a substantial population of Bukharan Jews.) Nadir Divan-Beghi had decided that this site would be the perfect place for a pond, but the widow turned down his offer to buy the property. Then Nadir Divan-Beghi brought her before Imam Quli Khan in the hope that the Emir would coerce her into selling. The Emir of Bukhara ordered a congress of muftis to inquire into the question. However, these specialists in Muslim law decided that there was no legal way to purchase the property, other than with the widow's consent, since Jews had rights on a par with Muslims if they paid the ''Jizyah'' or poll-tax on non-Muslims.


Colón, Panama

1910 and 1920 The city was founded by Americans in 1850 as the Atlantic terminal of the Panama Railroad (Panama Canal Railway), then under construction to meet the gold rush demand for a fast route to California. For a number of years early in its history, the sizable United States émigré community called the town '''Aspinwall''' after Panama Railroad promoter William Henry Aspinwall, while the city's Hispanic community called it Colon in honor of Christopher Columbus


Jocotitlán

the main plaza on the south side, there is a commercial center called the “portales.” One of the structures here serves as the cultural center for the community, called the Casa de Cultura Lic. Diego de Nájera Yanguas. It is named for a former parish priest who published a book in the Mazahua language. This cultural center offers classes in dance, painting, English and other subjects. The Traditional fixed markets in Mexico


Ridgecrest, California

the Inyokern Airport. Ridgecrest is within two hours of the highest (Mount Whitney) and the lowest (Badwater Basin) points in the conterminous U.S. . The highway then descends from the mountains to its junction with State Route 14 (State Route 14 (California)). It then proceeds eastward across US 395 (U.S. Route 395 (California)) into the town of Ridgecrest, CA (Ridgecrest, California). The constructed highway ends at the turnoff for the Trona Pinnacles National Natural Landmark (Trona Pinnacles). digital 13 (VHF (very high frequency)) other_chs K13WJ Morongo Valley (Morongo Valley, California) K50HV Daggett (Daggett, California) K18FH Twentynine Palms (Twentynine Palms, California) K13NF Ridgecrest (Ridgecrest, California) K49AA Ridgecrest (Ridgecrest, California) subchannels 13.1 MyNetworkTV 13.2 Bounce TV


Shawinigan

of town currently known as Shawinigan-Est was annexed in 1932. Uptown Shawinigan had its own fire station by 1922 and its own landscaped public park and swimming pool by 1940. Fabien LaRochelle, Shawinigan depuis 75 ans, Shawinigan, 1976 Westside near the Shawinigan River, the existence of the pulp and paper Belgo plant attracted enough residents to form a small, yet stable independent urban community called Baie-de-Shawinigan. Across the St-Maurice River, Shawinigan


Cranbrook, British Columbia

in Radium Hot Springs (Radium Hot Springs, British Columbia) direction_b North The 329 km (204 mi) long Highway 95 begins at the international border in a small community called Kingsgate (Kingsgate, British Columbia), and follows the Moyie River northeast for 11 km (7 mi) to the town of Yahk (Yahk, British Columbia), where it merges


Tyler, Texas

County, Texas Smith County , Texas, United States. The town had an estimated population of 5,024 in 2006. It is part of the Tyler, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area (Tyler metropolitan area). After the Civil War (American Civil War), Richard B. Hubbard, a former officer in the Confederate Army and owner of a large plantation on what is today a gated community called Hideaway Lake (Hideaway, Texas), began searching for a more convenient way to ship the produce grown


Bukhara

the community called itself is "Isro'il (Israel)" (Israelites). thumb 200px ight Bukharan Jews celebrating Sukkot (File:Bukharan2.jpg), c. 1900. thumb right 200px The borders of the Russia (File:XXth Century Citizen's Atlas map of Central Asia.png)n imperial territories of Kiva, Bukhara and Kokand in the time period of 1902–1903. In 1793, Rabbi Yosef Maimon, a Sephardic Jew from Tetuan, Morocco and prominent kabbalist in Safed, traveled to Bukhara and found the local Jews in a very bad state. He decided to settle there. Maimon was disappointed to see so many Jews lacking knowledge and observance of their religious customs and Jewish law. He became a spiritual leader, aiming to educate and revive the Jewish community's observance and faith in Judaism. He changed their Persian religious tradition to Sephardic Jewish tradition. During this time, the Jews of Bukhara were almost extinct, and Middle Eastern Jews came to Central Asia and joined the Bukharan Jewish community. Maimon's work and the Middle Eastern Jewish move to Central Asia helped revive the almost extinct Bukharan Jewish community. Maimon is an ancestor of Shlomo Moussaieff (Shlomo Moussaieff (businessman)), author Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson, and the First Lady of Iceland Dorrit Moussaieff. thumb right 200px The borders of the Russia (File:XXth Century Citizen's Atlas map of Central Asia.png)n imperial territories of Kiva, Bukhara and Kokand in the time period of 1902–1903. In 1793, Rabbi Yosef Maimon, a Sephardic Jew from Tetuan, Morocco and prominent kabbalist in Safed, traveled to Bukhara and found the local Jews in a very bad state. He decided to settle there. Maimon was disappointed to see so many Jews lacking knowledge and observance of their religious customs and Jewish law. He became a spiritual leader, aiming to educate and revive the Jewish community's observance and faith in Judaism. He changed their Persian religious tradition to Sephardic Jewish tradition. During this time, the Jews of Bukhara were almost extinct, and Middle Eastern Jews came to Central Asia and joined the Bukharan Jewish community. Maimon's work and the Middle Eastern Jewish move to Central Asia helped revive the almost extinct Bukharan Jewish community. Maimon is an ancestor of Shlomo Moussaieff (Shlomo Moussaieff (businessman)), author Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson, and the First Lady of Iceland Dorrit Moussaieff. Re-establishment of Neve Yaakov In 1972, a new Jewish neighborhood was constructed on the site of the original village, with 4,900 apartments in high-rise buildings. The new neighborhood was populated by Jewish immigrants from Bukhara, Georgia (Georgia (country)), Latin America, North Africa, France and Iran. In the 1990s, when large waves of Russian and Ethiopian Jews came to Israel, many settled in Neve Yaakov. According to Herodotus, Cyrus the Great of Persia (Persian Empire) met his death in a battle with the Massagetae living beyond the Araxes river. They were a people from the southern deserts of Khwarezm in today's Bukhara, Uzbekistan. The queen of the Massagetae, Tomyris, prevailed, although Cyrus had defeated Tomyris's son Spargapises. Herodotus mentions: '' Of all the combats in which the barbarians have engaged among themselves, I reckon this to have been the fiercest.'' Three Sufi orders are prominent: the Naqshbandiya founded in Bukhara, the Qadiriya founded in Baghdad, and the Cheshtiya located at Chesht-i-Sharif east of Herat. Among the Naqshbandi, Ahmad al Faruqi Kabuli, born north of Kabul, acquired renown for his teachings in India during the reign of the Moghul Emperor Akbar in the sixteenth century. Another famous Qadiriya pir named Mawlana Faizani came to prominence in the 1960s and 1970s, and was a leading critic against the creeping influence of communist philosophy. Jailed in the mid-70s, Mawlana Faizani disappeared when the khalqis came to power and remains missing to this day. * 999: Bughra Khan of Karahan Turks capture Bukhara. End of the Samanids. Chancellor was succeeded as the main trader of the Muscovy Company by Anthony Jenkinson, who made two important voyages himself — one trying to reach Cathay overland from Moscow, eventually stopping at Bukhara; the other, between 1562 and 1579 to establish overland trade routes through Russia to Persia (Persian Empire). In 1567, when Muscovy was faring badly in the Livonian War, Jenkinson was asked by Czar Ivan to sound out Queen Elizabeth I of England as a marriage prospect, providing a possible refuge for him if he was forced to flee the country. The negotiations yielded no results, and Czar Ivan was soon forced to sign a ceasefire with the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. File:Budapest_postbox.jpg Budapest, Hungary File:Buxoro_postbox.jpg Bukhara, Uzbekistan Continuing the policies of his grandfather, Abul-Khayr Khan (Abu'l-Khayr Khan), Shaybani ousted the Timurids from their capital Samarkand by 1500. He fought successful campaigns against the Timurid leader Babur, founder of the Mughal Empire (Mogul Empire). In 1505 he recaptured Samarkand and in 1507 also took Herat, the southern capital of the Timurids. Shaybani conquered Bukhara in 1506 and established the short-lived Shaybanid Empire. In 1508-09, he carried out many raids northward, pillaging the land of the Kazakh Khanate. However he suffered a major defeat from Kazakhs under Kasim Khan (Kasym Khan) in 1510. Khorasan in its proper sense comprised principally the cities of Balkh, Herat and Ghazni (now in Afghanistan), Nishapur and Tus (Tus, Iran) (now in Iran), Merv (now in Turkmenistan), and Samarqand and Bukhara (now in Uzbekistan). However, the name has been used in the past to cover a larger region that encompassed most of Transoxiana and Soghdiana André Wink, "Al-Hind: The Making of the Indo-Islamic World", Brill 1990, Vol.1, page 109 in the north, extended westward to the Caspian Sea, southward to include the Sistan desert and eastward to the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan. DehKhoda, "Lughat Nameh DehKhoda", Online version Arab geographers even spoke of its extending to the boundaries of ancient India (Indian subcontinent), possibly as far as the Indus valley (Indus River), in what is now Pakistan. The Encyclopedia of Islam, Brill 1979, Vol.5, page 56: "Early Islamic usage often regarded everywhere east of western Persia, or what was subsequently termed 'Irak 'Adjami, as being included in a vast and ill-defined region of Khorasan, which might even extend to the Indus Valley and Sindh." Sources from the 14th to the 16th century report that Kandahar, Ghazni and Kabulistan in Afghanistan formed the eastern part of Khorasan, overlapping with Hindustan. Wikipedia:Bukhara Commons:Category:Bukhara Dmoz:Regional Asia Uzbekistan Localities Bukhara


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