Places Known For

century prominent


) death_place Yerevan, Republic of Armenia occupation Poet '''Sirvard Barunaki "Silva" Kaputikyan''' ( ) (20 January 1919, Yerevan

, Democratic Republic of Armenia – 25 August 2006, Yerevan, Armenia) was a 20th century prominent Armenian (Armenians) poet, writer, academian and public activist. Born to parents that were originally from Van (Van, Turkey), she lived in Yerevan, the Armenian capital, her entire life, and died there of a stroke, aged 87. Her works were translated by Bulat Okudjava, Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Bella Akhmadulina, Desanka Maksimović and others. DATE OF BIRTH 20 January


on a state road from Prague to Hradec Králové, 15 kilometers away from Chlumec nad Cidlinou. Kratonohy is a member of the village alliance Mikroregion Urbanická brázda. Between the years of 1318 and 1323, the village was held by Tluček, Bohuněk, Licek, Mikuláš and Sezema from Kratonohy. In the 14th century, a citadel probably existed there, but the oldest written record about the citadel comes from the 16th century. In the second part of the 14th century, prominent people in the village were the Lords of Častolovice, Licek from Kratonohy and Perchta, daughter of Sezema from Kostomlaty (Kostomlaty nad Labem). Perchta made a donation of some estates to St. George Monastery in Prague. From 1407–1467, there were Hroch from Dobřenice and brothers Jiří and Adam Dobřenský. He was born in Říčany near Prague, Czechoslovakia. In 2003, he received Thalia Award (Thalia Awards) for performing Herman in ''Smíšené pocity'' ''Mixed Emotions''. Dmoz:Regional Europe Czech Republic Regions Prague Commons:Category:Prague Wikipedia:Prague


; Instead, these factors resulted in distinctive traditions in Norwegian vernacular architecture, which have been preserved in existing farms in the many Norwegian open-air museums that showcase buildings from the Middle Ages through to the 19th century; prominent examples include the Norsk Folkemuseum (Norwegian Museum of Cultural History) in Oslo and Maihaugen in Lillehammer, as well as extant buildings still in service on farms such as those in the Heidal valley


Indiana University Press year 2004 isbn 0-253-21722-9 page 103 Arts thumb upright Art gallery in Damascus (File:Kunstgalerie in Damaskus, Syrien.JPG) The literature of Syria has contributed to Arabic literature and has a proud tradition of oral and written poetry. Syrian writers, many of whom migrated to Egypt, played a crucial role in the nahda or Arab literary and cultural revival of the 19th century. Prominent contemporary Syrian writers


India. European traders started visiting India beginning in the late 16th century. Prominent among these were the British, French and the Portuguese. The British East India Company made Calcutta their headquarters in 1772. They also established subsidiary cities like Bombay and Madras (Chennai). Calcutta later went onto to become 'the second city of the empire after London'. By the 19th century, the British had, one way or the other assumed political control of virtually all of India, though the Portuguese and the French too had their enclaves along the coast. There was an uprising by Indian rulers in 1857 which was suppressed, but which prompted the British government to take over from the Company and make India a part of the empire. Many Indians converted to Christianity during the period, for pretty much the same reasons as they converted to Islam, though forcible conversions ended in British India after 1859, and Queen Victoria's proclamation promised to respect the religious faiths of Indians. Non-violent resistance to British colonialism under '''Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi''' led to independence on 15 August 1947. However, independence was simultaneously granted to the secular state of India and the smaller Islamic state of Pakistan, and the orgy of Hindu-Muslim bloodletting that followed '''Partition''' led to the deaths of at least half a million and the migration of 12-14 million people. India achieved self-sufficiency in food grains by the 1970s, ensuring that the large-scale famines that had been common are now history. However these policies also led to shortages, slow growth and large-scale corruption. After a balance-of-payments crisis in 1991, the country adopted free-market reforms which have continued at a meandering pace ever since, fueling strong growth. The '''IT''' and the '''business outsourcing''' industries have been the drivers for the growth, while '''manufacturing''' and '''agriculture''', which have not experienced reforms, are lagging. About 60% of Indians live on agriculture and around 36% remain in poverty. Relations with Pakistan have been frosty. The two countries have fought four wars, three of them over the status of Kashmir. The third war between the two countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan becoming Bangladesh. India continues to experience occasional terrorist attacks that are widely believed to originate in Pakistan and ordered by its military-intelligence complex. China and India went to war in 1962 over a border dispute. Though current relations are peaceful, there is still military rivalry and no land crossings are allowed between the two countries, though one border crossing between Sikkim and Tibet was re-opened in 2006 for trade. Security concerns over Pakistan and China prompted India to test '''nuclear weapons''' twice (including the 1974 tests described as "peaceful explosions"). India wants to be accepted as a legitimate nuclear power and is campaigning for a permanent '''Security Council''' seat. India is proud of its democratic record. Constitutional government and democratic freedoms have been safeguarded for most of its 66 years as an independent country. Current concerns in India include the corruption, poverty, over-population, environmental degradation, ongoing border disputes with Pakistan and China, cross-border terrorism, and ethnic and religious strife which occurs from time to time. India's current obsession, at least among the educated elite, is over whether India will be able overtake China in economic growth and be an economic and military superpower. Politics India is a Parliamentary Democracy modeled on the British Westminster system. The President, indirectly elected, is the Head of State, but his position, while not entirely ceremonial, has limited powers. The Prime Minister runs the government with a Cabinet of Ministers. The Parliament is bicameral. The Lok Sabha (House of People), the lower house, is directly elected by universal adult franchise, while the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), or the upper house, is indirectly elected. The Lok Sabha is the more powerful of the two, primarily because a majority in the Lok Sabha is required to form a government and pass budgets. India has a vast number of political parties, and currently the BJP party has a majority in the Lok Sabha. India has a strong and independent judiciary and a free press. India is also a Federal Republic, divided into states and union territories. Each of these have their own legislatures, with government run by a chief minister and a cabinet. Street demonstrations and political agitations occur, as they do in any democracy. There is also occasional low-level violence, but a visitor has a vanishingly small chance of getting caught in those. Time zone Indian Standard Time (IST) is 5 hours and 30 minutes ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+5.5). Daylight Savings Time is not observed in India. Geography Mountains, jungles, deserts and beaches, India has it all. It is bounded to the north and northeast by the '''snow-capped Himalayas''', the tallest mountain range in the world. In addition to protecting the country from invaders, they also feed the perennial rivers '''Ganga''', '''Yamuna''' (Jamuna) and '''Sindhu''' (Indus) on whose plains India's civilization flourished. Though most of the Sindhu is in Pakistan now, three of its tributaries flow through Punjab (Punjab (India)). The other Himalayan river, the '''Brahmaputra''' flows through the northeast, mostly through Assam. South of Punjab lies the '''Aravalli''' range which cuts Rajasthan into two. The western half of Rajasthan is occupied by the '''Thar''' desert. The '''Vindhyas''' cut across Central India, particularly through Madhya Pradesh and signify the start of the '''Deccan''' plateau, which covers almost the whole of the southern peninsula. The Deccan plateau is bounded by the '''Western Ghats''' (which is called '''Sahyadri''' in Maharashtra) range to the west and the '''Eastern Ghats''' to the east. The plateau is more arid than the plains, as the rivers that feed the area, such as the '''Narmada''', '''Godavari''' and the '''Kaveri''' run dry during the summer. Towards the northeast of the Deccan plateau is what used to be a thickly forested area, which covers the states of Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, the eastern edge of Maharashtra and the northern tip of Andhra Pradesh. This area is still forested, poverty stricken and populated by tribal people. This forest acted as a barrier to the invasion of South India. India has a long '''coastline'''. The west coast borders the '''Arabian Sea''' and the east coast the '''Bay of Bengal''', both parts of the Indian Ocean. Climate thumb 250px right Lakshadweep Islands (File:A beach side resort at Kadmat Island, Lakshadweep.jpg) thumbnail 250px Gulmarg (File:Jammu and Kashmir 3.JPG) In India, it rains only during a specific time of the year. The season as well as the phenomenon that causes it is called the '''monsoon'''. There are two of them, the '''Southwest''' and the '''Northeast''', both named after the directions the winds come from. The Southwest monsoon is the more important one, as it causes rains over most parts of the country, and is the crucial variable that decides how the crops will do. It lasts from June to September. The Southwest monsoon hits the west coast the most, as crossing the western ghats and reaching the rest of India is an uphill task for the winds. The western coastline is therefore much '''greener''' than the interior. The Northeast monsoon hits the east coast between October and February, mostly in the form of occasional '''cyclones''' which cause much devastation every year. The only region that gets rains from both monsoons is North-Eastern India, which consequently experiences the '''highest rainfall in the world'''. India experiences at least three seasons a year, '''Summer''', '''Rainy Season''' (or "Monsoon") and '''Winter''', though in the '''tropical South''' calling the 25°C (77°F) weather "Winter" would be stretching the concept. The North experiences some extremes of heat in Summer and cold in Winter, but except in the Himalayan regions, snow is almost unheard of. November to January is the winter season and April and May are the hot months when everyone eagerly awaits the rains. There is also a brief spring in February and March, especially in North India. Opinions are divided on whether any part of India actually experiences an '''Autumn''', but the ancients had certainly identified such a season among the '''six seasons''' ( or ''ritus'' - ''Vasanta'' - Spring, ''Greeshma'' - Summer, ''Varsha'' - Rainy, ''Sharat'' - Autumn, ''Hemanta'' - "Mild Winter" "late autumn", ''Sheet'' - Winter ) they had divided the year into. Culture Commons:Category:India Wikipedia:India Dmoz:Regional Asia India

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