Places Known For

campaign world


. In 1897, the Kingdom of Italy returned Kassala to the Kingdom of Egypt. In 1899, Kassala fell under the purview of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan until Sudanese independence in 1956. thumb left Swissair (File:Mittelholzer-fokker.jpg) Fokker F.VIIb-3 m (CH-192) piloted by Walter Mittelholzer in Kassala, February 1934. In July 1940, during the East African Campaign (East African Campaign (World War II)), Italian forces advancing from Italian East Africa forced a small

the process, started under Muhammad Ali Pasha (Muhammad Ali of Egypt), of uniting the Nile Valley under Egyptian leadership, and sought to frustrate all efforts aimed at further uniting the two countries. During World War II, Sudan was directly involved militarily in the East African Campaign (East African Campaign (World War II)). Formed in 1925, the Sudan Defence Force (SDF) played an active part in responding to the early incursions (occupation by Italian troops of Kassala

); many garrison towns also developed into administrative centers in their respective regions. At the local level, shaykhs and traditional tribal chieftains assumed administrative responsibilities. The road to independence As World War II approached, the Sudan Defence Force assumed the mission of guarding the Sudanese frontier with Italian East Africa (present-day Ethiopia and Eritrea). During the summer of 1940, in what became the first moves of the East African Campaign

French Somaliland

departments and territories of France Overseas territory (1946-1967) government_type Dependent territory (Overseas departments and territories of France) year_start 1896 year_end 1967 event_start Established date_start May 20 event_end Renamed (Geographical renaming) date_end July 5 event1 East African Campaign (World War II)#French Somaliland Italian invasion

date_event1 June 18, 1940 event2 British occupation (East African Campaign (World War II)#French Somaliland 2) date_event2 December 28, 1942 event3 Status changed to overseas territory date_event3 October 27, 1946 p1 flag_p1 p2 flag_p2 p3 flag_p3 s1 French


. Another (called "linea Intercoloniale") connected Massawa with Assab-Djibouti and the main ports of British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland. The port of Massaua was going to be enlarged in 1941, but WWII blocked it. Italy was one of the Axis (Axis powers of World War II) powers during World War II and Massawa was the homeport for the Red Sea Flotilla of the Italian Royal Navy (Regia Marina). When the city fell during the East African Campaign (World War II) East

and the Eritrean Railway.industrial investments were done by the Italians in the area of Asmara and Massawa , but the beginning of World War II stopped the blossoming industrialization of Eritrea. When the British army conquered Eritrea (East African Campaign (World War II)) from the Italians in spring 1941, most of the infrastructures and the industrial areas were extremely damaged. Image:Italian East Africa - 1936-1940.svg thumb right

'' Red Sea Flotilla, based in Massawa, Eritrea, posed a potential threat to Allied shipping crossing the Red Sea between the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Initially, the East African Campaign (East African Campaign (World War II)) went well for Italy. In August 1940, the threat to Allied passage of the Red Sea was increased after the Italian conquest of British Somaliland. This allowed the Italians the use of the port of Berbera in what had been British

Kingdom of Egypt

to Germany arose during the disastrous Greco-Italian War. Mussolini had intended the invasion of Greece to prove Italy strategic autonomy, but the Greeks humiliatingly put Italian forces on the defensive. Smith, 1997. p408 p409 To gain back ground in Greece, Germany reluctantly began a Balkans Campaign (Balkans Campaign (World War II)) which resulted also in the dissolution of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and the ceding of Dalmatia to Italy. But despite


Ethiopian Orthodox church in the city, Marshal Rodolfo Graziani fell into a concealed hole, which he was afterwards convinced was a mantrap; Anthony Mockler suggests this mishap contributed to his murderously paranoid mindset which led to the atrocities (Yekatit 12) that followed the attempt on Graziani's life 19 February 1937. Anthony Mockler, ''Haile Selassie's War'' (New York: Olive Branch, 2003), p. 144 On 17 March 1941, during the East African Campaign (World War


to colonel-general. Leading his corps, Weichs later took part in the Balkans Campaign (Balkans Campaign (World War II)), and in preparation for Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union, he was assigned to lead the 2nd Army as a part of Fedor von Bock’s Army Group Centre. He led the 2nd Army in 1941 through the Battle of Kiev (Battle of Kiev (1941)), the Battle of Smolensk (Battle of Smolensk (1941)), and then on to Vyazma and Bryansk. Frustrated


on the same day at the Italian naval base of Taranto by the British 1st Airborne Division, landed directly into the port from warships. News of the Italian surrender was broadcast as the troop convoys were converging on Salerno. The division was not an assault force in the invasion of Sicily (Allied invasion of Sicily) but did participate in the battle for Italy (Italian Campaign (World War II)). It came ashore at Salerno on 15 September

Group (comprising Lieutenant General Mark Clark (Mark Wayne Clark)'s U.S. Fifth Army (Fifth United States Army) and General Bernard Montgomery's (Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein) British Eighth Army) during the Second World War. The operation followed the successful invasion of Sicily (Allied invasion of Sicily) during the Italian Campaign (Italian Campaign (World War II)). The main invasion force landed around Salerno on the western coast

in the Monte Cassino monastery. Walsh, J.J. (1908). Constantine Africanus. In ''The Catholic Encyclopedia''. New York: Robert Appleton Company. http: cathen 04295b.htm Italian Campaign (Italian Campaign (World War II)) For the remainder of the war, the division fought in the Italian Campaign (Italian Campaign (World War II)). They were employed piecemeal to ward against the possibility of sea-landings from Salerno to Taranto, and fought

Deir ez-Zor

, Coriano, Santarcangelo, Senio Floodbank, Bologna, Sillaro Crossing, Gaiana Crossing, Italy 1943–45 (Italian Campaign (World War II)), Monywa 1942 (Monywa), Imphal, Tuitum, Tamu Road, Shenam Pass, Litan, Bishenpur, Tengnoupal, Mandalay, Myinmu Bridgehead, Kyaukse 1945 (Kyaukse), Meiktila, Capture of Meiktila, Defence of Meiktila, Irrawaddy River (Ayeyarwady River), Rangoon Road, Pegu 1945 (Pegu), Sittang Sittang

Krems an der Donau

Tyrol ; increased by Slovenian Carinthia and Upper Carniola as occupied territories after the 1941 Balkans Campaign (Balkans Campaign (World War II)) *"Lower Danube" (''Niederdonau''), propaganda name for Lower Austria, with its capital at Krems an der Donau, including the northern districts of Burgenland with Eisenstadt and the South Moravian territories around Znojmo (''Deutsch-Südmähren'') annexed with the "Sudetenland" according

El Alamein

of 1944–1945 and 1944-45 , Jebel Defeis, Keren (Keren, Eritrea), Ad Teclescan, Abyssinia (East African Campaign (World War II)) 1940-41, Gazala (Battle of Gazala), Cauldron, Mersa Matruh, Defence of Alamein Line (First Battle of El Alamein), El Alamein, Mareth (Mareth Line), Wadi ZigZaou (Operation Pugilist), Akarit, North Africa 1940-42 (North African Campaign), 1942-43 and 1943, Banana Ridge, Medjez Plain, Gueriat el Atach Ridge, Tunis, Djebel Bou Aoukaz 1943, North

and 9th batteries, except for one troop of 8th Battery. This troop, together with the Coldstream Guards, were the only units to drive out in formation. The remaining (7th) battery of the regiment was first attached to 7 Field Regiment and took part in the fighting at El Alamein in October 1942. It subsequently joined 4 22nd Field Regiment, South African Artillery and saw action throughout the Italian Campaign (Italian Campaign (World War II)). During

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