Places Known For

architecture


Kenzō Tange

Team Kenzo Tange Associates significant_buildings Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park, Plan for Skopje, Tokyo Olympic arenas, St Mary's Cathedral awards Pritzker Prize, RIBA Gold Medal, AIA Gold Medal, Order of Culture, Praemium Imperiale, Order of Sacred Treasures was a Japanese architect, and winner of the 1987 Pritzker Prize for architecture. He was one

of the most significant architects of the 20th century, combining traditional Japanese styles with modernism (Modern Architecture), and designed major buildings on five continents. Tange was also an influential patron of the Metabolist movement (Metabolism (architecture)). He said: "It was, I believe, around 1959 or at the beginning of the sixties that I began to think about what I was later to call structuralism (Structuralism (architecture))", (cited in ''Plan'' 2 1982

department to dodge Japan's drafting of young men to its military and seldom attended classes. In 1935 Tange began the tertiary studies he desired at University of Tokyo's architecture department. He studied under Hideto Kishida and Shozo Uchida. Although Tange was fascinated by the photographs of Katsura villa that sat on Kishida's desk, his work was inspired by Le Corbusier. His graduation


Damghan

. Tarikhaneh, the oldest mosque in Iran Tarikhaneh Mosque is in fact the oldest mosque in Iran belonging to the 1st century after arrival of Islam which still preserves its original shape. Tarikhaneh and Na'in Mosque (Jameh Mosque of Nain) in Na'in (Nain, Iran) are the only mosques in the Islamic World which resemble the Medina Mosque. This mosque was built during the 8th century AD by imitating Roman (Roman architecture), Iranian (Persian architecture) and Arabic architecture

. This is an Arabic design but the building material and architecture is Sassanid. This leads us to believe that originally it had been a fire temple during the Sassanid period, and later the mosque was built over its ruins. One column resembling Sassanian architecture at the eastern wing is a proof of this assertion. Tarikhaneh Mosque is equipped with a square yard and a gallery with 18 columns facing the Qiblah and the three sides of the yard are surrounded by porticos. The minaret

rising over the mosque is said to belong to Seljuks and the tiled inscription over the minaret is in fact the oldest tile work in Islamic architecture. The prefix "Tari", a Turkish (Turkish language) or Mongol term, means God and "khaneh" is Iranian word for house so the word means the house of God. City fortification a Sassanid architecture Walls or fortifications and battlements have survived in many parts in Damghan. As mentioned in the history the wall


Ávila, Spain

'') is a Spanish town located in the autonomous community (Autonomous communities of Spain) of Castile and León, and is the capital of the Province of Ávila. It is sometimes called the ''Town of Stones and Saints'', and it claims that it is one of the towns with the highest number of Romanesque and Gothic (Gothic architecture) churches (and bars and restaurants) per capita in Spain. (Zamora (Zamora, Spain), a town of similar size, claims the greatest number of Romanesque churches

in Europe.) It is notable for having complete and prominent medieval (Middle Ages) town walls, built in the Romanesque (Romanesque architecture) style. The town is also known as ''Ávila de los Caballeros'', ''Ávila del Rey'' and ''Ávila de los Leales'' (Ávila of the Knights, the King and the Loyalists), each of these epithets being present in the town standard (Heraldic flag). The writer José Martínez Ruiz (Azorín (José Martínez Ruiz)), in his seminal book ''El alma castellana

the nurturing of politicians such as Adolfo Suárez, the first democratically-elected prime minister Spanish post-Franco, and José María Aznar, prime minister from 1996 to 2004, who represented Ávila in the Cortes (Cortes Generales) but was not from the town. Architecture


Kashan

settlement_type City image_skyline Tabatabaei2.jpg imagesize 300px image_caption Tabatabaei House (Khaneh Tabatabaei ha), early 1800s, Kashan. A fine example of traditional Persian architecture. image_flag image_seal image_map map_caption pushpin_map Iran pushpin_label_position bottom pushpin_mapsize 300

House '' has become a famous landmark and sample of Persian traditional residential architecture. '''Kashan''' ( is a city in and the capital of Kashan County, in the province (Provinces of Iran) of Isfahan (Isfahan province), Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 248,789, in 67,464 families. ref>

is the Chief Executive Officer of MGA Entertainment *David Alliance, Baron Alliance Businessman and a Liberal Democrat politician in the United Kingdom. *Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Leading Islamic Philosopher and exponent of the Perennial Philosophy Sister cities *20px (Image:Flag of Sweden.svg) Umeå, Sweden *20px (Image:Flag of Bulgaria.svg) Kazanlak, Bulgaria *20px (Image:Flag of Iran.svg) Sabzevar, Iran See also * Iranian Architecture


Samarkand

, one of the most relevant examples of Islamic architecture. It consists of three separate buildings: **Madrasa of Ulugh Beg (1417–1420) **Sher-Dor Madrasah (Lions Gate) (1619–1635 36). **Tilla-Kori Madrasah (1647–1659 60). *Bibi-Khanym Mosque (replica) *Gur-e Amir Mausoleum (1404) *Observatory of Ulugh Beg (1428–1429) *Shah-i-Zinda necropolis *Historical site of Afrasiyab (Afrasiyab (Samarkand)) (7th century BC – 13th century AD) *Siyob Bazaar Architecture and Influences

The best-known structure in Samarkand is the mausoleum known as Gur-i Amir. It exhibits many cultures and influences from past civilizations, neighboring peoples, and especially those of Islam. Despite how much devastation the Mongols caused in the past to all of the Islamic architecture that had existed in the city prior to Timur's succession, much of the destroyed Islamic influences were revived, recreated, and restored under Timur. The blueprint and layout of the mosque itself follows the Islamic

passion of geometry and other elements of the structure had been precisely measured. The entrance to the Gur-i Amir is decorated with Arabic calligraphy and inscriptions, the latter being a common feature in Islamic architecture. The attention to detail and meticulous nature of Timur is especially obvious when looking inside the building. Inside, the walls have been covered in tiles through a technique, originally developed in Iran, called “mosaic faience,” a process where each tile is cut


Sunset Park, Brooklyn

code 718 718 , 917 (Area code 917), 929 (Area code 929) website footnotes

Revival , Romanesque Revival (Romanesque Revival architecture), Neo-Grec; Classical Revival (Neoclassical architecture) added September 15, 1988 area thumb right 250px The landmark Sunset Play Center (File:Sunset Play Center ext jeh.jpg) File:Sunset Park, Brooklyn (corner of Fifth Avenue and Fifty-First Street - January 30

There is a namesake city park within the neighborhood, located between 41st and 44th Streets and 5th and 7th Avenues. The area is also home to the Jackie Gleason Bus Depot. A portion of the neighborhood is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a historic district, known for its Romanesque (Romanesque Revival architecture) and Renaissance Revival (Renaissance Revival architecture) architecture. The neighborhood has several individual landmarks designated


Acolman

web title Enciclopedia de los Municipios de Mexico Estado de Mexico Acolman de Nezahualcóyotl url http: www.e-local.gob.mx work templates enciclo mexico mpios 15002a.htm language Spanish accessdate March 28, 2010 After the Conquest, Acolman became the site of an important Augustinian monastery in the 16th century which still contains important art and architecture from that time period.

from the main gate The complex is fronted by a large square atrium (Atrium (architecture)), and a courtyard before that, the two of which are today separated by a road The most important feature of this atrium area is the high stone cross, which is considered to be an important expression of "tequitqui" or Christian art executed by Indian craftsmen from the very early colonial period

the soul. To the back of the atrium area is the main church, with its rose tan Plateresque facade reminiscent of the Colegiata de Santa María in Calatayud, Spain. The facade has Classical composite columns with Plateresque sections below the ribbon garniture, Saint Paul under a deep, Gothic (Gothic architecture)-like canopy with a Renaissance angel below. The portal has double Renaissance doors under archivaults decorated with fruit. Above


Thatta

Surat. http: books.google.com books?id uB1uAAAAMAAJ&q zarif#search_anchor The arrival of Islam in today's Pakistan meant a sudden end of Buddhist architecture. However, a smooth transition to predominantly pictureless Islamic architecture occurred. The most important of the few completely discovered buildings of Persian style is the tomb of the Shah Rukn-i-Alam (Rukn-e-Alam) in Multan. During the Mughal (Mughal Empire) era, design elements of Islamic

-Persian architecture were fused with and often produced playful forms of the Hindustani art. Lahore, occasional residence of Mughal rulers, exhibits a multiplicity of important buildings from the empire. Among them the Badshahi mosque, the fortress of Lahore (Lahore Fort) with the famous Alamgiri Gate, the colourful, Persian style Wazir Khan Mosque, Shalimar Gardens (Shalimar Gardens (Lahore)),

structures like the Faisal Mosque, the Minar-e-Pakistan and the Mazar-e-Quaid. Sindhi Sindhi (Sindhi language) is a provincial language spoken as a first language by 15.5% of Pakistanis, mostly in Sindh. It has a rich literature and is used in schools. It is an Indo-Iranian (Indo-Iranian languages) ( Indo


Lalibela

elevation_ft postal_code_type postal_code area_code website footnotes '''Lalibela''' is a town in northern Ethiopia that is famous for its 11 monolithic (monolithic church) rock-cut (Rock-cut architecture) churches. Lalibela is one of Ethiopia's holiest cities, second only to Aksum, and is a center of pilgrimage for much of the country. Unlike Aksum, the population of Lalibela is almost completely Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church Ethiopian Orthodox

: whc.unesco.org en list 18 thumb 200px Lalibela area map (File:Karta Lalibela.PNG) This rural town is known around the world for its churches carved from the living rock, which play an important part in the history of rock-cut architecture. Though the dating of the churches is not well established, most are thought to have been built during the reign of Lalibela, namely during the 12th and 13th centuries. Unesco identifies 11 churches,

Construction Ahead url http: web.mit.edu mmj4 www downloads const_ahead2007.pdf volume (May–June 2007) pages 16–21 Other UNESCO Mission reports In a 1970 report of the historic dwellings of Lalibela, Sandro Angel evaluated the vernacular (Vernacular architecture) earthen architecture on the Lalibela World Heritage Site, including the characteristics of the traditional earth houses and analysis of their state of conservation. His report described two types


Da Lat

2015 thumb center 800px A panorama image of Xuan Huong Lake. (File:Ho Xuan Huong - Huy Phuong 3.jpg) Architecture thumb right A Vietnamese Hòn Non Bộ (File:Rock garden at Da Lat Station.jpg) in front of the Art Deco-influenced Đà Lạt Railway Station (Da Lat Railway Station) of vernacular French architecture. The architecture of Đà Lạt is dominated by the style of the French colonial (Colonialism) period. Da Lat Railway Station Đà Lạt Railway Station

of Charity, were built in 1938 with a similar pointed-roof style. thumb left 200px Hang Nga guesthouse Hằng Nga guesthouse (File:HangNgaCrazyHouse1.jpg) is decorated with twisting organic forms. Of particular note is the unconventional architecture of the Hằng Nga guesthouse (Hang Nga guesthouse), popularly known as the “Crazy House”. Described as a “fairy tale house”, its overall design resembles a giant banyan tree, incorporating sculptured design elements representing natural forms

such as animals, mushrooms, spider webs and caves. Its architecture, consisting of complex, organic, non-rectilinear shapes, has been described as expressionist (Expressionist architecture). Its creator, Vietnamese architect Dang Viet Nga (also known as Hằng Nga), who holds a PhD in architecture from Moscow State University, has acknowledged the inspiration of Catalan (Catalan people) Spanish (Spanish people) architect Antoni Gaudí in the building’s design. Visitors have variously


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