Places Known For

ancient world


Selçuk

. * The promenade will also take you to the The '''Temple of Artemis''' (Artemision). Although it was one of the "Seven Wonders" of the Ancient world, nowadays only a column is left. * On the way there one can also visit the '''Cave of the Seven Sleepers''' (see the infobox at right). * The picturesque village of '''Şirince''' is located 9km east to Selcuk up in the hills. It offers wonderful views among olive and peach trees as well as several excellent country hotels. * '''House


Cavtat

Wikipedia:Cavtat Dmoz:Regional Europe Croatia Localities Cavtat Commons:Category:Cavtat


Sais, Egypt

The '''Twenty-sixth Dynasty''' of Egypt (also written '''Dynasty XXVI''' or '''Dynasty 26''') was the last native dynasty to rule Egypt (Ancient Egypt) before the Persian conquest (History of Persian Egypt) in 525 (525 BC) BC (Before Christ) (although others followed). The Dynasty's reign (''c''. 685 (685 BC)-525 (525 BC) BC ) is also called the '''Saite Period''' after the city of Sais (Sais, Egypt), where its pharaohs had their capital, and marks the beginning of the Late Period of ancient Egypt. Aidan Dodson, Dyan Hilton: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. The American University in Cairo Press, London 2004 Rulers The Twenty-Eighth Dynasty of Egypt had one ruler, Amyrtaeus, who was a descendant of the Saite (Sais, Egypt) kings of the Twenty-Sixth Dynasty (Twenty-sixth dynasty of Egypt), and led a successful revolt against the Persians (Achaemenid Empire) on the death of Darius II. No monuments of his reign have been found, and little is known of his reign. '''Necho I''' (sometimes '''Nekau''') (672 BC–664 BC) was the prince (Prince of Saïs) or governor of the Egyptian city of Sais (Sais, Egypt). He was the first attested local Saite king of the twenty-sixth dynasty of Egypt who reigned for 8 years, according to Manetho's Epitome. Egypt was reunified by his son, Psamtik I. Necho I is primarily known from Assyrian documents but is now also attested in one contemporary Egyptian document from his reign. He was officially "installed" at Sais by Assurbanipal around 670 BC, but he already ruled Egypt as a local king prior to this event. According to historical records, Necho I was killed by an invading Kushite force in 664 BC under Tantamani for being an ally of Assyria. The Nubian invasion into the Egyptian Delta was subsequently repelled by the Assyrians who proceeded to advance south into Upper Egypt and sack Thebes. Twenty-Fourth Dynasty The Twenty-fourth Dynasty (Twenty-fourth dynasty of Egypt) was a short-lived rival dynasty located in the western Delta (Sais (Sais, Egypt)), with only two Pharaoh ruling from 732 (732 BC) to 720 BC. Instead, Egypt was ruled (from 664 BC, a full eight years prior to Tanutamun's death) by the Twenty-Sixth Dynasty, client kings established by the Assyrians who successfully brought about Egypt's political independence under their reign. Psamtik I was the first to be recognised by them as the King of the whole of Egypt, and he brought increased stability to the country in a 54 year reign from the city of Sais (Sais, Egypt). Four successive Saite kings continued guiding Egypt into another period of peace and prosperity from 610-525 BC. Unfortunately for his dynasty, a new power was growing in the Near East – Persia. Pharaoh Psamtik III had succeeded his father Ahmose II for only 6 months before he had to face the Persian Empire at Pelusium. The Persians had already taken Babylon and Egypt was no match. Psamtik III was defeated and briefly escaped to Memphis, before he was ultimately imprisoned and, later, executed at Susa, the capital of the Persian king Cambyses, who now assumed the formal title of Pharaoh. 28th-30th Dynasties The Twenty-Eighth Dynasty (Twenty-eighth dynasty of Egypt) consisted of a single king, Amyrtaeus, prince of Sais (Sais, Egypt), who rebelled against the Persians. He left no monuments with his name. This dynasty lasted 6 years, from 404 BC to 398 BC. Biography Tefnakht erected two donation stelas in Years 36 and 38 of Shoshenq V as a Prince at Saïs. His Year 38 stela from Buto is significant not only because Tefnakht employs the rather boastful epithet of "Great Chief of the entire land" but due to its list of his religious titles as '''prophet of Neith, Edjo and the Lady of Imay'''. Kitchen, The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt, p.362 This reflects his control over Sais, Buto to the north and Kom el-Hish to the southwest even prior to the end of the 22nd Dynasty—with the death of Shoshenq V—and reflects Tefnakht's political base in the Western Delta region of Egypt. The 22nd Dynasty was politically fragmenting even prior to the death of Shoshenq V. Tefnakht established his capital at Sais (Sais, Egypt), and formed an alliance with other minor kings of the Delta (Nile Delta) region in order to conquer Middle and Upper Egypt, which was under the sway of the Nubian king Piye. He was able to capture and unify many of the cities of the Delta region, thus making Tefnakht considerably more powerful than any of his predecessors in either the 22nd (Twenty-second dynasty of Egypt) or 23rd dynasties. '''Bakenranef''', known by the ancient Greeks as '''Bocchoris''', Bakenranef's name is consistently ''Bocchoris'' in the Greek accounts and in Tacitus; the decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphics (Champollion) has permitted the reconstruction of his authentic Egyptian name. was briefly a king of the Twenty-fourth dynasty of Egypt. Based at Sais (Sais, Egypt) in the western Delta, he ruled Lower Egypt from c. 725 to 720 BC. Though the Ptolemaic period Egyptian historian Manetho Manetho, frags. 64, 65. considers him the sole member of the Twenty-fourth dynasty, modern scholars include his father Tefnakht in that dynasty. Although Sextus Julius Africanus quotes Manetho as stating that "Bocchoris" ruled for six years, some modern scholars again differ and assign him a shorter reign of only five years, based on evidence from an Apis Bull burial stela. It establishes that Bakenranef's reign ended only at the start of his 6th regnal year which, under the Egyptian dating system, means he had a reign of 5 full years. Bakenranef's prenomen or royal name, ''Wahkare'', means "Constant is the Spirit of Re" in Egyptian. Peter A. Clayton, ''Chronicle of the Pharaohs: The Reign-by-Reign Record of the Rulers and Dynasties of Ancient Egypt'', Thames and Hudson, London, 1994. p.188 Osorkon probably lived into his eighties, which explains why he appointed his son Takelot as the junior coregent to the throne in his final years. He would have been in failing health by this time. Osorkon III's coregency with Takelot III is the last attested royal coregency in ancient Egyptian history. Later dynasties from Nubia, Sais (Sais, Egypt), and Persia (Achaemenid Empire) all ruled Egypt with a single king on the throne.


Anuradhapura

known lakes in the city. The Great City Anuradhapura attained its highest magnificence about the commencement of the common era. The city had some of the most complex irrigation systems of the ancient world, situated in the dry zone of the country the administration built many tanks to irrigate the land. Most of these tanks still survive. Pictures found in the oldest great city at Anuradhapura excavations According to carbon dating, the ruins excavated were from the 10th century BC. In ruins The ruins consist of three classes of buildings, ''dagobas'', monastic buildings, and ''pokunas''. The ''dagobas'' are bell-shaped masses of masonry, varying from a few feet to over 1100 ft (340 m) in circumference. Some of them contain enough masonry to build a town for twenty-five thousand inhabitants. Remains of the monastic buildings are to be found in every direction in the shape of raised stone platforms, foundations and stone pillars. The most famous is the Brazen Palace erected by King Dutugamunu about 164 BC. The ''pokunas'' are bathing-tanks or tanks for the supply of drinking water, which are scattered everywhere through the jungle. The city also contains a sacred Bo-Tree, which is said to date back to the year 245 BC. Eight Great Places of Veneration in Anuradhapura - Atamasthana Wikipedia:Anuradhapura Commons:Category:Anuradhapura


Mangalia

During winter, the skiing resorts along the Valea Prahovei and Poiana Brașov are popular with foreign visitors. thumb Poiana Brașov (File:Poiana Brasov.jpg) will host the 2013 European Youth Winter Olympic Festival In Romania, the word ''Băile'' implies a spa town. The most famous spa towns in Romania are Băile Herculane, Băile Felix, Mangalia, Covasna, Călimănești & Borsec. The territory of the Romanian region '''Dobrogea''' is now organised as the counties of Constanţa (Constanţa County) and Tulcea (Tulcea County), with a combined area of 15,500 km² and a population of slightly less than a million. Its main cities are Constanţa, Tulcea, Medgidia and Mangalia. Dobrogea is represented by dolphins in the coat of arms of Romania. The Bulgarian region of '''Dobrudzha''' is divided between the administrative regions of Dobrich (Dobrich (region)) and Silistra (Silistra (region)). This part has a total area of 7,565 km², with a combined population of some 350,000 people, the main towns being Dobrich and Silistra (regional seats). In 1368, after the death of Demetrius, he was recognised as ruler by Pangalia (Mangalia) and other cities on the right bank of the Danube. In 1369, together with Vladislav I of Wallachia, Dobrotitsa Dobrotici helped Prince Stratsimir (Ivan Stratsimir of Bulgaria) to win back the throne of Vidin (Tsardom of Vidin). The southern portion, held by Bulgaria, was reduced the same year by the Treaty of Berlin (Treaty of Berlin (1878)). At the advice of the French envoy, a strip of land extended inland from the port of Mangalia (shown orange on the map) was ceded to Romania, since its southeastern corner contained a compact area of ethnic Romanians. The town of Silistra, located at the areas most southeastern point, remained Bulgarian due to its large Bulgarian population. Romania subsequently tried to occupy the town as well, but in 1879 a new international commission allowed Romania only to occupy the fort ''Arab Tabia'', which overlooked Silistra, but not the town itself. Major cities are Constanţa, Tulcea, Medgidia and Mangalia in Romania, and Dobrich and Silistra in Bulgaria. * Sibiu - 3 trains daily * Oradea, Huedin, Arad (Arad, Romania), Satu Mare, Constanţa, Mangalia, Suceava, Iaşi - 2 trains daily * Craiova and Sighetu Marmaţiei - 1 train daily * Illichivsk, Ukraine * Mangalia, Romania * Midia, Năvodari, Romania thumb 350px Front page of ''Jos Despotizmul!..'' ("Down with Despotism (File:JosDespotizmul1905 - MagIstIan1975.jpeg)!!!"), a special issue of '' România Muncitoare'', entirely dedicated to criticism of the Imperial Russian authorities (February 1905) He ultimately settled in Romania (1904


Lajjun

, Qalansawe was a stop on the Cairo-Damascus road, between Lajjun and Ramla. Petersen, 2001, citing among others Hartmann, 1910, 675, 676 History Megiddo was a site of great importance in the ancient world. It guarded the western branch of a narrow pass and trade route (Via Maris) connecting Egypt and Assyria


Fustat

Category:Former populated places in Egypt Category:Amṣar Alexandria was founded around a small pharaonic (Ancient Egypt) town ''c.'' 331 BC by Alexander the Great. It remained Egypt's capital for nearly a thousand years, until the Muslim conquest of Egypt in AD 641, when a new capital was founded at Fustat (Fustat was later absorbed into Cairo). Alexandria was known because of its Lighthouse of Alexandria (''Pharos''), one of the ''Seven Wonders of the Ancient World''; its

library (the largest library in the ancient world); and the Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa, one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages (Wonders of the Middle Ages). Ongoing maritime archaeology in the harbor of Alexandria, which began in 1994, is revealing details of Alexandria both before the arrival of Alexander, when a city named Rhacotis existed there, and during the Ptolemaic dynasty. '''Cairo''' ( as, years later, were her two brothers, Fuad and Farid al-Atrash, Classical Arabic Music Website in the Fustat plain (Fustat) in Cairo, which she and brother Farid, along with Egyptian crooner Abdel Halim Hafez, Baraka, Mohamed. Al-Ahram Newspaper Article. Issue No. 943, 16 - 22 April 2009. had restored to some of its former glory. El Kadi, Galila and Alain Bonnamy (2007) Architecture for the dead. American University in Cairo Press. p. 96


Jerash

; c. 60 – c. 120) was an important mathematician in the ancient world and is best known for his works ''Introduction to Arithmetic'' (Arithmetike eisagoge) and ''Manual of Harmonics'' in Greek (Greek language). He was born in Gerasa, in the Roman province of Syria (Syria (Roman province)) (now Jerash, Jordan), and was strongly influenced by Aristotle


Tantura

Benny last Morris publisher Cambridge University Press year 2004 ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6 * External links *


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