Places Known For

activities including

Allgemeine SS

functions. Activities including drill and ideological instruction, marching in parades, and providing security at various Nazi party rallies.'' Regional SS units were organized into commands known as ''SS-Oberabschnitt'' (region), ''Abschnitt'' (district), and ''Standarten'' (regiment). Before 1934, SS personnel received no pay and their work was completely voluntarily. After 1933, the Oberabschnitt commanders and their staff became regarded as "full time" but the rank and file of the Allgemeine-SS were still part-time only. Regular Allgemeine-SS personnel were also not exempt from conscription and many were called up to serve in the Wehrmacht. By 1942, most of the part time Allgemeine-SS had either joined the Waffen-SS or had been conscripted into the regular German military. The senior levels of the Abschnitte and Oberabschnitte were considered draft exempt, but most of these SS leaders and staff were themselves merged into the offices of the SS and Police Leaders which were considered as quasi-military commands with Waffen-SS authority, although on paper still part of the Allgemeine-SS. Draft exemption for these senior leadership staffs was itself lifted in 1944, and most of the remaining Allgemeine-SS personnel were assigned to the Waffen-SS as reservists. Security forces From 1936, the state security police forces of the Gestapo and Kripo (Criminal Police) were consolidated and placed under the central command of Reinhard Heydrich, already chief of the party ''Sicherheitsdienst'' (SD), and named Sicherheitspolizei. Later from 27 September 1939 forward, they were all folded into the Reich Main Security Office (RSHA) (RSHA) which was placed under Heydrich's control. The ordinary uniformed German police, known as the Ordnungspolizei (Orpo) were also under SS control after 1936 but never incorporated into the Allgemeine-SS, although many police members were also dual SS members. The death squad units of the Einsatzgruppen were considered part of the Allgemeine-SS and under the operational control of the RSHA. The units were themselves a mixture of civilian (SS auxiliary), police, and SS personnel, although all Einsatzgruppen personnel wore grey Waffen-SS type uniforms in the performance of their duties. During World War II, security force personnel were seen as performing "essential duties" to the Reich and thus were exempt from conscription into military service. Many such personnel, however, typically joined the Waffen-SS or served in the Wehrmacht military reserve. SS-Lieutenant Colonel Adolf Eichmann, for instance, was an Untersturmführer in the Waffen-SS Reserve while Lieutenant Colonel Herbert Kappler was a Reserve Feldwebel (Sergeant) in the German Army. As Germany began losing World War II, the draft exemption for security forces was slowly lifted, although due to the nature of the Nazi regime, there was a constant need for security personnel up until the very end of the Third Reich. For this reason, many Gestapo, SD, and Kripo members who served as reservists never saw combat until the very last days of the war, if at all. Concentration camp personnel All Concentration Camp staffs were originally part of the Allgemeine-SS under the office of the Concentration Camps Inspectorate (Inspektion der Konzentrationslager or IKL). First headed by Theodor Eicke, the Concentration Camps were formed into the Totenkopfverbände after 1934, but then increasingly became divided into the camp service proper and the military Totenkopf formation controlled by the SS-Verfungstruppe (the early Waffen-SS). After 1942, the entire camp service was placed under the authority of the Waffen-SS for a variety of administrative and logistical reasons. The ultimate command authority for the camp system during World War II was the SS-Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt (WHVA). Other units By late 1940 the Allgemeine-SS also controlled the ''Germanische SS (Germanic SS)'', which were collaborationist organizations modeled after the Allgemeine-SS in several Western European countries. The Allgemeine-SS also consisted of a female volunteer corps (known as the SS-Helferinnen) and, in the last days of World War II, had authority over the so-called "Auxiliary-SS" which were non-SS personnel conscripted in the SS to serve as concentration camp personnel in the last months of World War II. Ranks The ranks (Ranks and insignia of the Schutzstaffel) of the Allgemeine SS and the Waffen-SS were based upon those of the SA and used the same titles. However, there was a distinctly separate hierarchical subdivisions of the larger Waffen-SS from its Allgemeine counterpart and an SS member could in fact hold two separate SS ranks. For instance, a ''Brigadeführer'' ("Brigadier General") of the Allgemeine SS equivalent to a ''Generalmajor'' might only be ranked as a ''Rottenführer'' ("Lance Corporal") in the Waffen-SS. If this same SS member were an architectural engineer (Architectural engineering), then the SS-HA would issue a third rank of ''Sonderführer'' ("Lead Technical Specialist"). SS members could also hold reserve commissions in the regular military as well as a Nazi Party political rank (Ranks and insignia of the Nazi Party). Add to this that many senior SS members were also employees of the Federal government in capacities as ministers, deputies, etc., and an SS member could in the end have as many as five ranks in various organizations as well as a number of additional titles. Per one SS historian: ''Multiple and overlapping commands were very commonplace... A man could hold one post while temporarily assigned to another and hold rank in the Allgemeine-SS, Waffen-SS and Polizei simultaneously... I'm thoroughly convinced even Berlin was not 100% sure who was in certain positions at exact points in time, confirmed by individual BDC records.'' - Mark Yerger, ''Allgemeine-SS'' Yerger, p. 10. Yerger attempted to list all HSSPF, SSPF, Oberabschnitt, Abschnitt, and Standarten of the SS, plus maps, photos, and mini-biographies. The BDC (the Berlin Document Center) a US managed collection of captured Nazi documents in Berlin, was one of his sources. The collection is now part of the German Bundesarchiv. In 1944, nearly every SS general was granted equivalent Waffen-SS rank, without regard to previous military service. This was mainly ordered so to give SS-generals authority over military units and POW camps. Also, in the event of capture by the Allies (Allies of World War II), SS-Generals would be given status as military prisoners rather than captured police officials. This distinction was observed by British and American forces in the West, but hardly ever even noticed by the Soviet Red Army, in particular in situations where SS and Police Leaders or other SS units involved in genocide, would fall into Soviet hands. Friedrich Jecklen, who was granted Waffen-SS rank in 1944, was captured by the Russians and held as a criminal with no status given to his military rank. Total manpower In 1945, the stated membership number of SS was over 840,000 members. Of these, 48,500 were members of the Allgemeine SS. Much of the remainder were 18,000 officers, 52,000 NCOs, and 600,000 enlisted members of the Waffen-SS and 130,000 police. Order of Battle ) (VOMI) an organization charged with settling ethnic Germans in the German Reich (Nazi Germany) from other parts of Europe.


are suitable for many water sports and activities including swimming,diving,snorkeling, canoeing, water skiing,surfing among others. Easkey Britton an internationally renowned surfer from Ireland was the first people pioneered surfing of chabahar beaches. '''Lipar Lagoon''': This lagoon is close to Ramin village and 15 kilometers far from the east of Chabahar in direction of coastal road of Chabahar to Gwatre. '''Mars or Martian Mounts''': are also known as koohaye merikhi are a type


, particularly in the non-core teaching areas such as art, music and sport. Of particular emphasis is the sporting area in which former Group B schools taught mainly athletics, football and netball whilst the Group A schools had a wider range of sporting activities including athletics, tennis, swimming, diving, lacrosse, gymnastics, hockey, rugby, cricket, netball, basketball and cross-country. There has not been much change in this provision since Zimbabwe#Independence .281980.29 independence

Cape Maclear

to the south of Lake Malawi. This small four room lodge offers a reasonably high standard of accommodation and a wide range of activities including diving and sailing in a superb 12m catamaran. In this area our guests tend to prefer the rather more rustic and remote Mumbo Island more often, but Danforth Lodge is a really good option, with a much higher level of conventional comforts at a considerably lower price. *

Canby, Oregon

habitat for small native trout and good spawning beds for Chinook Salmon and Steelhead Trout. In fact the Molalla has long had a reputation for its sizeable native runs of both species.

Saltspring Island

; The method of land purchase helped to ensure that the land was used for agricultural purposes and that the settlers were mostly families. Sandwell, 89-90. Ruth Wells Sandwell in ''Beyond the City Limit'' indicates that few of the island's early residents were commercial farmers (Commercial agriculture), with most families maintaining subsistence plots (Subsistence agriculture) and supplementing through other activities, including fishing, logging and working


that these families depend on multiple economic activities, including temporary migration to nearby cities or the United States.


Carnival of the time. Later it became organized by the Club Huanchaco, and now consists of several activities including the crowning of the queen, surf contest, luau (Hula (dance)) party, creativity in the sand, championships of Caballito de totora, and the carnival parade among. In 2012 the carnival parade was held on 25 February.

Al Ain

", many well-maintained parks popular with families in the summer evenings, and a heritage village. Opened in 2012, Wadi Adventure is located near Jebel Hafeet and provides a range of water-based activities including surfing, kayaking and rafting. On top of Jabel Hafeet is the Mercure (Mercure Hotels) Hotel. Al-`Ain has three major malls — Al Ain Mall in the town center, Al-Jimi Mall in the Al-Jimi district, and Bawadi Mall located in the Al-Khrair

Hopkins, Minnesota

with activities including music, sporting events, royalty coronations, craft fair, and parade. Education Public schools The Hopkins School District serves all or parts of seven Minneapolis west suburban communities: Hopkins, Minnetonka (Minnetonka, Minnesota), Golden Valley (Golden Valley, Minnesota), Plymouth (Plymouth, Minnesota), Edina (Edina, Minnesota), Eden Prairie (Eden Prairie, Minnesota), and Saint Louis Park (St. Louis Park, Minnesota). Approximately 8,100

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Last modified: Tue Oct 10 05:56:30 EDT 2017