common_name Mauritius image_flag Flag of Mauritius.svg image_coat Coat of arms of Mauritius (Original version).svg image_map Mauritius (orthographic projection
with inset).svg map_caption Islands of the Republic of Mauritius on the globe excluding the Chagos Archipelago and Tromelin island. image_map2 Mauritius (+claim islands).svg map_caption2 Islands of the Republic of Mauritius labelled in black, Tromelin and Chagos archipelago are claimed by Mauritius. national_motto national_anthem '' Motherland
(anthem) Motherland '' File:National Anthem of Mauritius by US Navy Band.ogg official_languages None capital 30px (File:Coat of arms of Port Louis, Mauritius.svg) Port Louis languages_type Vernacular language languages demonym Mauritian latd 20 latm 10 latNS S longd 57 longm 31 longEW E largest_city capital
on the island, of various ethnic origins), make up the majority of the population. Groups that are not creole include people from Metropolitan France (known as zoreils) and those from Mayotte and the Comoros. Other nearby island countries and territories include Zanzibar to the west, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Agalega and Réunion to the south, Comoros and Mayotte to the southwest. Seychelles, with an estimated population of 86,525, has the List of countries
referred to as '''Zanzibar'''), and Pemba (Pemba Island). Other nearby island countries and territories include Comoros and Mayotte to the south, Mauritius and Réunion to the far southeast, and the Seychelles Islands (Seychelles) about 1,500 km to the east. Arab and Portuguese traders visited the region in early times, and it was controlled by Omanis (Oman) in the 18th and 19th centuries. Britain established a protectorate (1890) that became an independent sultanate
; tt ) FR-YT Mayotte ( YT (ISO 3166-2:YT) ) - - id "YT" YT Mayotte 1993 .yt - * Comoros, Mauritius, and Seychelles – small island nations in the Indian Ocean * Réunion and Mayotte – French overseas territories (French overseas departments and territories) also in the Indian Ocean. ''East Africa'' is often used
collectively number around 4,000 (2004 figures). The islands are off-limits to casual tourists, the media, and their former inhabitants. Mauritius sought to resume control over the Chagos Archipelago which was split from its territory by the UK in 1965 to form the British Indian Ocean Territory. Between 1968 and 1973, the Chagossians, then numbering about 2,000 people, were expelled by the British (United Kingdom) government to Mauritius and Seychelles
to allow the United States to establish a military base on the island. Today, the exiled Chagossians are still trying to return, claiming that the forced expulsion and dispossession was illegal (see Depopulation of Diego Garcia).
permanently by them. Thus, for many centuries the Chagos were ignored by their northern neighbours. The islands of Chagos Archipelago were charted by Vasco da Gama in the early sixteenth century, then claimed in the eighteenth century by France as a possession of Mauritius. They were first settled in the 18th century by African slaves and Indian contractors brought by Franco-Mauritians to found coconut plantations.
-island country, whose capital is Victoria (Victoria, Seychelles), lies east of mainland Southeast Africa. Other nearby island countries and territories include Zanzibar to the west and Comoros, Mayotte, Madagascar, Réunion and Mauritius to the south. Seychelles, with a population of 90,024, has the smallest population of any African state (List of African countries by population).
of Seychelles during the years of war with the United Kingdom, declined to resist when armed enemy warships arrived. Instead, he successfully negotiated the status of capitulation to Britain which gave the settlers a privileged position of neutrality. Britain eventually assumed full control upon the surrender of Mauritius in 1810, formalised in 1814 at the Treaty of Paris (Treaty of Paris (1814)). Seychelles became a crown colony separate from Mauritius in 1903. Elections were held in 1966
of biodiversity during early human history, including the disappearance of most of the giant tortoises from the granitic islands, the felling of coastal and mid-level forests, and the extinction of species such as the chestnut flanked white eye (Seychelles Chestnut-flanked White-eye), the Seychelles Parakeet, and the saltwater crocodile. However, extinctions were far fewer than on islands such as Mauritius or Hawaii, partly due to a shorter period of human occupation (since
, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, North Korea, South Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Republic of Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Moldova (Republic of Moldova), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco
. • 5 : Tromelin Island (KM : Comoros, MG : Madagascar, MU : Mauritius, MZ : Mozambique, RE : Réunion, YT : Mayotte)
India , Europa Island, Glorioso Islands and Juan de Nova Island *Comoros claims Mayotte *Mauritius claims Tromelin Island Comorian franc In 1981, The Comoros established an arrangement with the French government similar to that of the CFA franc. Originally, 50 Comorian francs were worth 1 French franc. In January 1994, the rate was changed to 75 Comorian francs to the French franc. Since 1999, the currency has been pegged to the euro. • 5 : Tromelin
meridian east 51°E . Moriarty (1891), pp. 1–2 Neighboring islands include the French territory of Réunion and the country of Mauritius to the east, as well as the state of Comoros and the French territory of Mayotte to the north west. The nearest mainland state is Mozambique, located to the west. The prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana separated the Madagascar-Antarctica-India landmass from the Africa-South America
a treaty in 1817 with the British governor of Mauritius to abolish the lucrative slave trade in return for British military and financial assistance. Artisan missionary envoys from the London Missionary Society began arriving in 1818 and included such key figures as James Cameron (James Cameron (missionary)), David Jones (David Jones (missionary)) and David Griffiths (David Griffiths (missionary)), who established schools, transcribed the Malagasy language using the Latin
July 2011 Imports of such items as foodstuffs, fuel, capital goods, vehicles, consumer goods and electronics consume an estimated 52 percent of GDP. The main sources of Madagascar's imports include France, China, Iran, Mauritius and Hong Kong. Infrastructure and media thumb News stand in Antananarivo (File:Antananarivo Madagascar people reading news.JPG) In 2010, Madagascar had
of several foreign consuls, as well as of numerous French officials, and was the chief port for the capital and the interior. Imports consisted principally of piece-goods, farinaceous foods, and iron and steel goods, and exports of gold dust, raffia, hides, caoutchouc (rubber) and live animals. Communication with Europe was maintained by steamers of the Messageries Maritimes and the Havraise companies, and also with Mauritius, and thence to Sri Lanka, by the British Union-Castle
, Antsohimbondrona, Mahajanga, Toamasina, Toliara, Tôlanaro. The country's principal cargo port is Toamasina Autonomous Port. Madagascar International Container Terminal Services, About us - Mauritius Toamasina Honorary Consulate Anthony Godson Ambassador - Early years Rasoherina, niece of Queen Ranavalona I, was born Rabodozanakandriana in 1814
the mayor of Toamasina and ran unsuccessfully in the 2006 presidential election (Malagasy presidential election, 2006), placing third. **Nosy Be - Fascene Airport **Toamasina - Toamasina Airport *'''Mauritius '''Mahavelona''' (fr: Foulpointe), town in Fivondronana Toamasina II, in the autonomous province of Toamasina, on the northern part of the east coast of Madagascar.
of Ireland Ireland , Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, North Korea, South Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Republic of Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Federated States
object suggest early attempts to quantify (quantification) time. Mathematics in (central) Africa before colonization India has had good relationships with most sub-Saharan African nations for most of its history. In the Prime Minister's visit to Mauritius in 1997, the two countries secured a deal to a new Credit Agreement of INR (Indian rupee) 10.50 crore (US$3 million) to finance
import by Mauritius of capital goods, consultancy services and consumer durable from India. The government of India secured a rice and medicine agreement with the people of Seychelles. India continued to build upon its historically close relations with Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. Visits from political ministers from Ethiopia provided opportunities for strengthening bilateral cooperation between the two countries in the fields of education and technical training, water
, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Republic of Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Moldova (Republic of Moldova), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger
, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Colombia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Fiji, Finland, France, Haiti, Indonesia, Jamaica, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Netherlands, Nigeria, Portugal, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Switzerland, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago
, Lebanon, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau, Macedonia (Macedonia (country)), Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal
of the prefect (Prefectures in France) of Réunion since the independence of Madagascar in 1960. France maintains a military garrison of around 14 troops on each of the islands in the Mozambique Channel that are claimed by Madagascar. The Glorioso Islands are also claimed by the Comoros, while Mauritius claims Tromelin Island. - ''''' Glorioso Islands''''' This territory is part of the widely dispersed French
. It is an important breeding site for seabirds. A scientific research cabin on the island is used for scientific or ecological short campaigns, but there is no permanent population. It is under the authority of a senior administrator on Réunion. However, in 2007 Mauritian (Mauritius) authorities indicated that they are exploring a potential claim on both Île Saint-Paul and Île Amsterdam. http: www.gov.mu portal goc assemblysite file pnqans06nov07.pdf ref>