by the Portuguese. The center of the city was ''Muthirai Santhai'' (market place) and was surrounded by a square fortification around it. There were courtly buildings for the Kings, Brahmin priests, soldiers and other service providers. The old Nallur Kandaswamy temple functioned as a defensive fort with high walls. In general, the city was laid out like the traditional temple town according Hindu traditions. ref name
development for teaching. Brown, p. 106 ;National Library thumb The National Library of Bhutan, Thimphu. (File:National Library-Thimphu-Bhutan-2008 01 23.jpg) thumb right Interior of the National Library. (File:Nationale Biblotheek-Thimphu-feve.jpg) Established in 1967, built in the style of a traditional temple, the National Library houses many ancient Dzonghka and Tibetan texts. It has been planned
Silla and Goryeo Dynasty that monks formed and administrated tea forest around the temple and it pass down as their possession. And buddhist tea ceremony and drinking culture stylized in the traditional temple. And these two cultural leader group's relationship influenced both Seonbi society and contemporary monks. Hwang Yun-sook, "Beautiful tea of korea" (Seoul: Korean traditional food research, 2007) p.54 In the period of the Three Kingdoms (Three Kingdoms of Korea), the traditional Korean medicine was being influenced by other traditional medicines such as Chinese Medicine (Traditional Chinese Medicine). In the Goryeo dynasty with the influence of others like Chinese medicine, more intense investigation of domestic herbs took place, and the result was the publication of numerous books on domestic herbs. Medical theories at this time were based on medicine of Song (Song Dynasty) and Yuan (Yuan Dynasty), but prescriptions were based on the medicine of the Unified Silla period such as the medical text ''First Aid Prescriptions Using Native Ingredients'' or "Hyangyak Gugeupbang'' (향약구급방), which was published in 1245. History The location of Cheongwadae was the site of a royal villa in what was then Hanyang (Seoul), the southern capital of the Goryeo dynasty (918–1392). It was built by King Sukjong (Sukjong of Goryeo) (r. 1095–1105) in 1104. Goryeo's principal capital was at Kaesŏng (Kaesong), and it also maintained a western capital at Pyongyang and an eastern capital at Gyeongju. '''Munhwa Ryoo''' clan of Korea (or spelled '''Ryu''' or '''Rieu''') is one of the great aristocratic houses of Goryeo and Joseon (Joseon Dynasty) dynasty. "Munhwa" is the name of the clan seat (bon-gwan), a township in modern-day Hwanghae province, North Korea. The surname "Ryoo" comes from the character meaning willow tree. Hence, the lineage is also called "willow Ryoo" (버들 류씨). *'''Sultanate of Kerman''' - Arslan Shah I (1101–1142) *'''Korea (Goryeo Kingdom) (Goryeo)''' - Sukjong (Sukjong of Goryeo) (1095–1105) *'''Liao (Liao Dynasty)''' ('''Khitan Empire''') - Emperor Tianzuodi (Emperor Tianzuodi of Liao) (1101–1125) *'''Sultanate of Kerman''' - Arslan Shah I (1101–1142) *'''Korea (Goryeo Kingdom) (Goryeo)''' - Sukjong (Sukjong of Goryeo) (1095–1105) *'''Liao (Liao Dynasty)''' ('''Khitan Empire''') - Emperor Tianzuodi (Emperor Tianzuodi of Liao) (1101–1125) Around the 1st century, the valley is believed to have been inhabited by the Byeonhan confederacy tribes. During the Three Kingdoms period (Three Kingdoms of Korea), the Gaya confederacy controlled the valley, until they were overrun by Silla in 562. These states exploited the river's potential for navigation and commerce, operating a thriving trade in armor and weapons with neighboring countries, including Yamato period Japan. Through the Silla, Goryeo, and Joseon (Joseon Dynasty) periods, the river continued to serve as a major transportation corridor in the Gyeongsang region. It was especially used for transporting fresh seafood inland, such as mackerel, which were salted and dried in order to prevent them from spoiling. The city of Andong was the farthest inland the fish could be brought before going bad, so many people flocked there during the Joseon Dynasty to eat fish. http: www.hansik.org zh restaurant recommendRestaurantView.do?fboardId 1075 thumb upright Painting of Kublai Khan (Image:Liu-Kuan-Tao-Jagd.JPG) on a hunting expedition, by artist Liu Guandao, c. 1280 AD. The Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368) of China was the easternmost part of the vast Mongol Empire (stretching from East Asia to East Europe), which became politically separated into four khanates beginning with the succession war in 1260. The Mongol leaders Genghis Khan, Ögedei Khan, Mongke Khan, and Hulagu Khan were able to conquer the Tangut Western Xia and the Jurchen Jin Dynasty (Jin Dynasty, 1115-1234) in northern China, as well as invaded Korea (Mongol invasions of Korea) under the Goryeo Dynasty, turning it into a vassal state that was ruled indirectly. The Mongols withdrew after Korean monarchs agreed to move its capital back to the mainland from Ganghwa Island. '''Wonjong of Goryeo''' (1219–1274, r. 1260–1274) was the 24th ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He ascended to the throne with the help of Kublai Khan. During his reign, Goryeo became a dependency of the Mongol-founded Yuan Dynasty in China.
the traditional temple town according to Hindu traditions. ''Cankilian Thoppu'', the facade of the palace of King Cankili II, can still be found in Nallur. Kunarasa, K ''The Jaffna Dynasty'', p. 4 The third temple was destroyed by the Portuguese (Portugal) Catholic colonial Phillippe de