Places Known For

sports event

Nationalsozialistischer Reichsbund für Leibesübungen

football champions . Czech (Czechoslovakia) clubs continued to play their own Bohemia Moravia championship (Czechoslovak First League) Czech clubs in the German football structure 1938-1944 A separate Gauliga for the Czech teams of the territories occupied by Germany (Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia), Gauliga Böhmen und Mähren, was formed by the NSRL in 1943. The last big sports event organized in its trademark grandiose style by the NSRL was the ''Deutsches Turn- und Sportfest (Deutsches Turn- und Sportfest 1938)'' (German Gym and Sports Celebration) in Breslau (now Wroclaw) in July 1938. This highly nationalistic sports event commemorated the 125th anniversary of the German Wars of Liberation (War of the Sixth Coalition) against Napoleon and the first award of the Iron Cross in the city of Breslau itself in 1813. On December the 21st 1938, a decree was issued by Adolf Hitler changing the name of the Reich Sports Body to '''Nationalsozialistischer Reichsbund für Leibesübungen''' ('''NSRL'''), thereby "elevating it to an organization served by the NSDAP (Nazi Party)". This name change meant that the NSRL would be "placed under" the Nazi Party. Its seat would be the '''Haus des Deutschen Sports''' (House of the German Sports) in the Reichssportfeld (Sports Field of the Reich) in Berlin. Twilight and end of the Nazi Sports Office World War II radically altered the role of the NSRL in Germany and the areas under its leadership. Dire war preparations would make the influence of physical exercises in Nazi German society wane in favour of militarism. The massive sports pageantry events in the large cities, carefully organized to arouse nationalistic fervor, were replaced by military parades of German warriors. Successful sportsmen found it increasingly difficult to compete with frontline war heroes in capturing the attention of the German public. Even though the NSRL continued playing a big role in sporting activities among the youth for a few years, the atmosphere had changed. Many Germans had to go to fight to the fronts, so the NSRL concentrated in training and staging local or regional events for younger athletes. Already in 1940 monetary funds for organizing sporting venues, like the prestigious Kiel Week sailing competition, were not forthcoming. Contributors felt emboldened to deny funds to the formerly influential branches of the Nazi Sports Office owing to the war-related shifting of priorities. Albert Oeckl - sein Leben und Wirken für die deutsche Öffentlichkeitsarbeit During this time the NSRL sold lottery tickets as a source of self-financement. Von Tschammer's influence and power within the NSDAP also began rapidly eroding despite having been a committed topmost Nazi leader. He would, however, never witness Germany's defeat and humiliation in the war, for he died from pneumonia in Berlin in March 1943. Arno Breitmeyer, a fellow SA (Sturmabteilung) officer became the new ''Reichssportführer''. As the war dragged on, a huge amount of members of the many branches of the NSRL, among them youngsters in their early teens, had to go to fight to the fronts. Since players were not available, except in shoddily-organized military sports events in scattered frontline locations, sports life in Germany came practically to a standstill. The last ''von Tschammer und Osten Pokal'' football trophy was played in Vienna in 1943 and the following two years plunged the NSRL into irrelevance. The once mighty Nazi Sports Body had to give up its weight and its position of pride long before the war was lost. On May 31, 1945, after Nazi Germany's defeat in World War II (Aftermath of World War II), the American Military Government (Allied Occupation Zones in Germany) issued a special law outlawing the Nazi party and all of its branches. Known as "Law number five", this Denazification decree disbanded the NS Reichsbund für Leibesübungen along with all its facilities and departments. The disbandment of the NSRL meant that all the sports organizations of Germany had to be established anew during the postwar reconstruction (Reconstruction of Germany) of both West Germany and the DDR (East Germany). Even after German reunification in 1990, there has never been such a powerful and all-encompassing sports organization in Germany as the DRL NSRL was at its height. Structure As a sports governing body seeking to control and integrate all sport activities in Germany, the DRL NSRL provided a highly organized structure. This structuralization, whose nationalistic seriousness was often outright theatrical, was in line with the Nazi Party's goal of reminding Germans constantly that they were members of a large extended country, the Third Reich. According to Paragraph 2 of the DRL's Statutes: ''The purpose of the League of the Reich for Physical Exercise is the training of the body and character of Germans grouped together in member organizations through planned physical exercises and care of the national conscience (Volksbewußtsein) in the spirit of the National Socialist state''. Regarding method and purpose, and keeping aside the ideology, the well-ordered and solemn DRL NSRL system proved itself efficient. The 1936 Summer Olympics, as well as other key events, provided ample opportunity to test the good organization that the Sports Body of the Reich was able to provide. The NSRL's obvious competence succeeded in instilling a spirit of unity and pride among the German sportsmen and women as well as their supporters. Moreover, even if not duly credited, many of the NSRL's systemic improvements in sports are still in use in today's sports organizations. By Sport border "0" cellpadding "2" - valign "top" * Department 1: Artistic gymnastics, Gymnastics and ''Summer Games'' (1) * Department 2: Football (Association football), Rugby (Rugby union), and Cricket * Department 3: Light athletics (Track and field athletics) * Department 4: Handball (Team handball) * Department 5: Swimming (Swimming (sport)) * Department 6: Heavy athletics (Track and field athletics) * Department 7: Boxing * Department 8: Fencing * Department 9: Hockey * Department 10: Tennis * Department 11: Rowing (rowing (sports)) * Department 12: Canoeing * Department 13: Ice- (Iceskating) and Rollerskating * Department 14: Ski * Department 15: Deutscher Radfahrer-Verband, ''Bicycling'' Besides the departments above, certain competences of the NSRL as a league were served by sports federations some of which still exist today: border "0" cellpadding "2" - valign "top" * 16. Deutscher Segler-Verband ''(Sailing)'' * 17. Deutscher Bergsteiger-Verband ''(Mountaineering)'' * 18. Deutscher Wanderverband ''(Hiking)'' * 19. Deutscher Kegler-Bund ''(Bowling)'' * 20. Deutscher Schützen-Verband ''(Shooting)'' * 21. Deutscher Golf-Verband ''(Golf)'' * 22. Deutscher Bob- und Schlittensport-Verband (Bob- und Schlittenverband für Deutschland) ''(Bobsleigh, Luge and Skeleton)'' * 23. Deutscher Tisch-Tennis-Bund ''(Table-tennis)'' * 24. Deutscher Amateur-Billiard-Verband ''(Billiard (Cue sports))'' ''(1) The “Summer Games” include the following games known collectively as “Turnspiele“ in German: Schlagball (a German bat-and-ball sport), Fistball, Korbball (closely related to korfball), Schleuderball and Ringtennis.'' By region The regional structure of the NSRL followed the Nazi Party model. Often two or more gaue (Reichsgau) were included in one region where it was expedient to do so. border "0" cellpadding "2" - valign "top" * Region 1: East Prussia * Region 2: Pomerania * Region 3: Berlin-Brandenburg * Region 4: Silesia * Region 5: Saxony * Region 6: Mitte (1) * Region 7: Nordmark (2) * Region 8: Lower Saxony * Region 9: Westphalia * Region 10: Lower Rhine (Lower Rhine region (Germany)) * Region 11: Middle Rhine (Mittelrhein (wine region)) * Region 12: Hessen * Region 13: Southwest (3) * Region 14: Baden * Region 14a: Alsace * Region 15: Württemberg-Hohenzollern * Region 16: Bavaria * Region 17: Ostmark (4) * Region 18: Sudetenland * Region 19: Danzig-West Prussia (Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia) * Gau Wartheland (Reichsgau Wartheland) ''(1) Thuringia, Anhalt and the Province of Saxony. — (2) Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg and Mecklenburg. — (3) The Palatinate (Palatinate (region)) and (from 1935 onwards) the Saar Region (Saar (League of Nations)). — (4) Austria from 1938 onwards .'' Distribution of members By January first 1937 the Nationalsozialistischer Reichsbund für Leibesübungen had 45,096 Associations with 3,582,776 active members (of which 517,992 were female and 3,064,784 male). On April first 1939 there were 44,622 Associations with 3,668,206 active members (of which 526,084 were female). The kind of sports practiced were the following: class "wikitable" - ! align "left" Sport !Associations Sections ! Total practising ! Total female - 1. Artistic gymnastics align "right" 12,773 align "right" 662,567 align "right" 234,190 - 2. Football align "right" 10,928 align "right" 483,302 align "right" 0 - 2. Rugby align "right" 52 align "right" 1,925 align "right" 0 - 2. Cricket align "right" 6 align "right" 88 align "right" 0 - 3. Light athletics align "right" 7,366 align "right" 268,183 align "right" 58,817 - 4. Handball align "right" 4,774 align "right" 152,943 align "right" 14,229 - 4. Basketball align "right" 156 align "right" 3,396 align "right" 522 - 5. Swimming align "right" 2,643 align "right" 129,142 align "right" 41,482 - 6. Weightlifting (Powerlifting) align "right" 809 align "right" 12.777 align "right" 0 - 6. Wrestling align "right" 748 align "right" 15,263 align "right" 0 - 6. Jiu-Jitsu (Jujutsu) align "right" 220 align "right" 7,957 align "right" 68 - 7. Boxing align "right" 872 align "right" 17,904 align "right" 0 - 8. Fencing align "right" 548 align "right" 9,088 align "right" 2,505 - 9. Hockey align "right" 411 align "right" 20,446 align "right" 5,748 - 10. Tennis align "right" 1,840 align "right" 79,932 align "right" 40,361 - 11. Rowing align "right" 757 align "right" 49,942 align "right" 11,433 - 12. Canoeing align "right" 1,155 align "right" 45,652 align "right" 8,183 - 13. Iceskating align "right" 369 align "right" 13,944 align "right" 4,907 - 13. Rollerskating align "right" 142 align "right" 4,409 align "right" 2,364 - 14. Ski align "right" 2,099 align "right" 88,395 align "right" 26,793 - 15. Bicycling align "right" 2,951 align "right" 61,131 align "right" 5,093 - 16. Sailing align "right" 460 align "right" 19,069 align "right" 832 - 17. Mountaneering align "right" 510 align "right" 168,450 align "right" 28,536 - 18. Hiking align "right" 2,961 align "right" 198,346 align "right" 30,683 - 19. Bowling align "right" 1,049 align "right" 50,325 align "right" 2,848 - 20. Shooting align "right" 14,310 align "right" 418,404 align "right" 2,730 - 21. Golf align "right" 59 align "right" 3,953 align "right" 1,401 - 22. Bobsleigh align "right" 21 align "right" 311 align "right" 29 - 22. Luge and Skeleton align "right" 67 align "right" 2,197 align "right" 682 - 23. Table tennis align "right" 777 align "right" 15,810 align "right" 3,937 - 24. Billiards align "right" 246 align "right" 5,046 align "right" 67 ''Numbering according to Departments and Departmental Federations.'' Events Championships in the individual types of sports were duly organized by the corresponding associations and federations. Among the events directly organized by the NS Reichsbund für Leibesübungen the most important were: * The 4th '''Deutsche Kampfspiele''', July 23 – 29 1934, in Nürnberg * '''Deutsches Turn- und Sportfest''', July 26 – 31 1938, in Breslau Trophy names *The name of today's DFB-Pokal, (Deutscher Fußball-Bund-Pokal (German Football Association) or German Football-Federation Cup), first contested in the 1934–35 season, was known between 1935 and 1943 as ''Tschammer-Pokal'' after then "Reichssportführer" (Sports Chief of the Reich) Hans von Tschammer und Osten. *The amateur Länderpokal (DFB), first established in 1909, was known between 1935 and 1942 as ''Reichsbundpokal''. See also The 1936 Winter Olympics were organized on behalf of the Sports Office of the Third Reich (Nationalsozialistischer Reichsbund für Leibesübungen) (DRL) by Karl Ritter von Halt. Von Halt had been named President of the Committee for the organization of the Fourth Winter Olympics in Garmisch by ''Reichssportführer'' Hans von Tschammer und Osten. Doctrine The HJ were viewed as future "Aryan (Aryan race) supermen" and were indoctrinated in anti-Semitism. One aim was to instill the motivation that would enable HJ members, as soldiers, to fight faithfully for the Third Reich. The HJ put more emphasis on physical (body) and military training than on academic study. Hakim 1995 The ''Nationalsozialistischer Reichsbund für Leibesübungen'' (NSRBL), the umbrella organization promoting and coordinating sport activities in Germany during the Nazi period, had the responsibility of overseeing the physical fitness development programs provided to the German youth. "Hitlerjugend: An In-Depth History." ''''. Retrieved: 1 February 2010. Carl Diem became the secretary of the all-German sports organization Deutscher Reichsausschuss für Leibesübungen (:de:Deutscher Reichsausschuss für Leibesübungen) (DRL) the forerunner of the Nationalsozialistischer Reichsbund für Leibesübungen, the Sports Organ of the Third Reich.

Mission, British Columbia

a unique income source for the municipality. From 1967 through the 1970s the Soap Box Derby shared Dominion Day with a large Loggers Sports event, one of the largest in British Columbia and important on the North American Loggers Sports Association circuit. In the 1960s and 1970s there was a large cluster of productive mills on the waterfront in Mission, for many years world capital of red cedar shake production (the mill at Whonnock (Whonnock, British Columbia) outproduced the largest of the Mission mills, but Mission's city of mills was the largest overall producer). Nearby Eddy Match Co., between Mission and Hatzic, was the largest matchstick-making plant in the world until it closed in the 1960s; its only rival was in Hull, Quebec. Adjoining it was the Empress Foods Co. cannery, the survivor of the struggles of the berry industry in the Central Fraser Valley, and dating from the days of Mission's supremacy as strawberry capital of the valley before the 1948 Fraser River flood wiped it out. In more recent times one of these buildings was for a while converted into the province's largest marijuana (cannabis (drug)) grow-op, in a scandal involving one of the town's wealthiest families. Mission is noted as the home of a long-established professional dragstrip, Mission Raceway Park, which was moved in relatively recent times outside the dyking of the lower part of town to reduce noise in residential and commercial areas nearby. In 1972 a large tract of land in central Mission's Ferndale area, flat upland at the top of the slope above downtown, was acquired by the federal government and developed into two large penal facilities. One is a minimum (Ferndale Institution) security facility, and the other is a medium security (Mission Institution) prison. The northern part of the district, and the wilds of the Stave River basin to the north of it, are home to a few wilderness work camps for young offenders and low-risk convicts; these camps have over recent decades participated in the ongoing clearing of vast forests of flooded-out trees from the inundated areas of Stave Lake, opening the lake to water recreation and public exploration. Economy Forestry, hydroelectricity and agriculture are Mission's chief resource sectors and provide the basis for varied related retail and service activities. Over the past few years, transportation improvements have enabled the manufacturing sector to expand beyond sawmilling and food processing. Forest and wood related industries dominate the manufacturing sector, with an emphasis on redcedar (Western Redcedar) shake and shingle mills. Mission also holds the only municipal tree farm license in British Columbia. Agriculture is mostly restricted to a narrow belt along the Fraser River, and the unincorporated Dewdney-Deroche district east of Mission contains the majority of the farms in the area. There are about 96 commercial and hobby farms in the area. Dairy is the chief agricultural enterprise; other income sources include poultry, hogs, beef and vegetables. Mission's largest employer is the local school district, School District #75, and its second largest employer is the District (i.e. the municipality) itself. Transportation Mission is served by the Central Fraser Valley Transit System, connecting the District of Mission with the City of Abbotsford (Abbotsford, British Columbia). The Valley Connector bus is operated by BC Transit, the City of Abbotsford and the District of Mission. Transportation infrastructure includes Abbotsford-Mission Highway 11 (British Columbia Highway 11), and the Lougheed Highway 7 (British Columbia Highway 7). Mission is also accessible through commuter rail, the West Coast Express, which runs five trains a day, five days a week, between Vancouver and Mission City Station. Three days per week Via Rail's ''The Canadian'' provides eastbound flag stop service from Mission Harbour railway station. Mission differs from some of the other Fraser Valley Communities because of its access to the Fraser River. The Fraser near Mission is for the most part undeveloped and unspoiled which makes Mission the perfect launch point for the water based activities that happen there year round. Soft adventure jet boat eco tours run from Mission as well as some of the best salmon or sturgeon fishing expeditions in North America. The Mission Waterfront is also at the early stages of development. '''Coquitlam Central Station''' is a station on the West Coast Express commuter rail line connecting Vancouver to Mission, British Columbia, Canada. The station is located on the north side of the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) tracks in Coquitlam, just west of the Lougheed Highway (British Columbia Highway 7) rail overpass, near the Coquitlam Centre shopping mall. The adjacent bus loop opened in the early 1990s, while the train station opened in 1995, when the West Coast Express began operating. 614 parking spaces are available on site. All services are operated by TransLink (TransLink (British Columbia)). Canadian Idol's official top 3 competitors, including top three's eliminated Carly Rae Jepson (w:Carly Rae Jepson) from Mission, British Columbia (w:Mission, British Columbia), are set to have an "Idol Winner's" tour across 15 Canadian cities this fall. The tour will start November 18, 2007 in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island (w:Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island). They are expected to tour cities in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Ontario, Manitoba, Alberta, Saskatchewan and British Columbia. It finishes with a final show in Edmonton, Alberta (w:Edmonton, Alberta) on December 12, 2007.


address lat long directions phone tollfree fax hours price content Is a sports event held annually at Tulum Beach and is open registration. Fun and sports for everyone with live music, beach volleyball, paddle boards, kayaks, swimming, kite boarding and more. A great weekend of fun activities to celebrate the beauty of the beach and wind. There's something for everyone! * '''Kitesurf'''. :* '''Extreme Control''' - the beaches of Tulum

Economic Community of West African States

of Justice , it has jurisdiction to rule on fundamental human rights breaches. Sporting and cultural exchange ECOWAS nations organize a broad array of cultural and sports event under the auspices of the body, including the CEDEAO Cup in football (association football), the 2012 ECOWAS Games and the Miss CEDEAO beauty pageant (Beauty contest). *St. Tammany Parish Schools reopen in Louisiana just over a month after Hurricane Katrina closed them. * West African leaders (Economic Community of West African States) call for the strengthening of United Nations peacekeeping force to ensure efforts to end the three year civil war in Côte d'Ivoire (Ivorian Civil War) pay off. A total 6,640 peacekeepers are currently serving in the UN force, which is under Senegalese command, monitoring the buffer zone between the north and south with the help of 4,000 French (France) troops. (allAfrica) * South Africa announces a ZAR (Rand (currency)) 140 million (USD $22 million) donation to the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) to alleviate food shortages in Southern Africa. (allAfrica)


for basketball) since the league turned professional in 1995. The team's best season was 1997–1998 when it finished 3rd place. In the 2007–2008 season, the Shandong Golden Lions also reached the 3rd place at the end of the season, but they were knocked out at the first round of the playoffs. In 2009, Jinan hosted the 11th National Games of the People's Republic of China, the premier sports event at the national level in China and the first major multi-sports event held in China after the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. The National Games' main venue was the Jinan Olympic Sports Center. 11th Chinese National Games opens in Jinan. Xinhua News Agency (2009-10-17). Retrieved on 2009-10-21. Twin Towns and Sister Cities *Joondalup, Western Australia, Australia *Coventry, United Kingdom (1983) *Sacramento, California, United States *Marmaris, Turkey See also * List of twin towns and sister cities in China :

Altoona, Pennsylvania

programming for a syndicated movie, local news special, or at some points a sports event during the years they had broadcast rights to Pittsburgh Pirates baseball. Weekend pre-emptions included a small portion of Saturday morning cartoons in favor of syndicated children's programming. Like most CBS affiliates, KDKA never ran the Sunday morning hour of cartoons distributed by CBS as well or Sunday morning religious shows from CBS like Lamp Unto My Feet. As such, a large amount of network programming was not airing on KDKA. Westinghouse had similar practices at sister station KPIX San Francisco and NBC affiliates WBZ-TV Boston and KYW-TV Philadelphia. During the 1980s, KDKA began running CBS News Sunday Morning. At various times, WTAE has also served as the ABC affiliate for the Johnstown (Johnstown, Pennsylvania) Altoona (Altoona, Pennsylvania), Wheeling, West Virginia Steubenville, Ohio, and Clarksburg (Clarksburg, West Virginia) Weston (Weston, West Virginia), West Virginia television markets (all of which could receive WTAE as a grade B signal). With WTAE having long been one of ABC's strongest affiliates, both parties reportedly resisted efforts by other TV stations in those cities to obtain a full-time ABC affiliation. Since then, one station was eventually granted affiliation in Altoona (WATM-TV), while WBOY-TV in Clarksburg and WTRF-TV in Wheeling (both owned by West Virginia Media Holdings, the former briefly being a sister station to WTAE in 2001) launched ABC stations on one of their digital subchannels in August 2008 Ohio Media Watch on Your ABC (WBOY-DT2) and ABC Ohio Valley (WTRF-DT3), respectively. WTAE is still available on cable in all of those markets today. In addition to those areas, WTAE can also be seen on several out-of-market cable systems throughout northwestern and central Pennsylvania, and several locations in eastern and northeast Ohio. The biggest obstacle, however, would be Pittsburgh-based Westinghouse Electric (Westinghouse Electric (1886)), owners of pioneer radio station KDKA (KDKA (AM)). Westinghouse wanted to get a TV station signed on in Pittsburgh to compete with DuMont (DuMont Television Network) O&O (Owned-and-operated station) WDTV—which at the time had a ''de facto monopoly'' in what was then the nation's sixth-largest TV market—and was growing impatient with the "freeze" of television licenses. The station had launched WBZ-TV in Boston in 1948 and would purchase WPTZ-TV (now KYW-TV) in Philadelphia in 1952, but was unable to secure a license for a TV station in its home market. By the time the "freeze" was lifted in 1952, the FCC granted smaller cities such as Steubenville, Ohio; Wheeling, West Virginia; Clarksburg, West Virginia; Johnstown, Pennsylvania; Altoona, Pennsylvania; Youngstown, Ohio; and Erie, Pennsylvania the chance to sign on before more stations in Pittsburgh signed on. All of those cities shared the VHF (Very high frequency) band with Pittsburgh, and only Youngstown would ultimately end up as a UHF island (Ultra high frequency#UHF islands).


thumb left 400px The Realm of New Zealand (Image:Realm of New Zealand.png) today Today the Realm of New Zealand comprises New Zealand, Tokelau and the Ross Dependency, and the self-governing states of the Cook Islands and Niue. Former Dominions of the British Empire that have the British Monarch as their Head of State (including Canada and Australia) are known as Commonwealth Realms. - New Zealand align "center" 12 ''Mainland:'' Spain, Portugal, Morocco, UK (United Kingdom) (Gibraltar) ''Chatham Islands:'' France ''Kermadec Islands:'' Algeria ''Niue:'' Niger ''Tokelau:'' Nigeria ''Cook Islands:'' Chad, (Penrhyn) Central African Republic, (Mangaia) Libya, (Pukapuka) Cameroon, (Nassau) Nigeria - ---- 982 2 × 491, also ISBN Group Identifier for books published in the Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue, Palau, Solomon Islands, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Western Samoa ---- *Rose Atoll also known as '''Motu o Manu''', conservation habitat for native birdlife, marine life, green

Wheeling, West Virginia

Retrieved on 11-30-2008.

Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania

-Barre's downtown Public Square). HBO's first sports event was broadcast immediately afterwards, an NHL hockey game from Madison Square Garden featuring the New York Rangers and the Vancouver Canucks. '''WQPX-TV''' is the Ion Television affiliate for Scranton (Scranton, Pennsylvania) Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. It is owned and operated by ion Media Networks (the former Paxson Communications). Delaware and Eastern


to make it a success, and she said the city showed "confidence and competence" in staging the first international sports event held in Taiwan after "numerous daunting coordination challenges." She also praised the maturity of Kaohsiung residents, saying that their enthusiastic participation and passionate cheering for athletes from every country was "touching." Revenues from ticket sales at the World Games have been initially estimated at NT$65 million. Chen noted Froehlich's praise of Kaohsiung, which she said has displayed friendship, cooperation and community participation, and offered her best wishes to Cali, Colombia, which will host the next World Games in 2013. The 6th Pan American Games were held in Cali, Colombia (Cali), from July 30 to August 13, 1971. commons:Cali

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