of Surgut Gas Processing Factory, former First Deputy Chairman of the Board, former President of Sibneft, former deputy (i.e. member) of the State Duma) (2001 - 15 November 2006) * Mikhail Akselrod (until 18 March 2005) After the discovery of rich oil and gas (natural gas) fields in Tyumen Oblast in the 1960s, Tyumen became the focus of the Soviet oil industry, and experienced a second economic and population boom. While most of the oil and gas fields were hundreds
as official data includes non-native soldiers who died in Tyumen's hospitals). After the discovery of rich oil and gas (natural gas) fields in Tyumen Oblast in the 1960s, Tyumen became the focus of the Soviet oil industry. The activities of the oil industry caused a second economic and population boom in Tyumen. While most of the oil and gas fields were hundreds of kilometers to the north of the city, near the towns of Surgut and Nizhnevartovsk, Tyumen was the nearest railway junction
, the town's rate of population growth was greatly boosted. Tyumen rapidly became the largest town in the region, with approx. 30,000 inhabitants by the beginning of the 20th century. Tyumen again experienced rapid population growth with the coming of World War II. The evacuation of workers from factories in central Russia in 1941 more than doubled Tyumen's population to 150,000. In the 1960s, the discovery of the rich oil and gas fields in Western Siberia caused the city's population, which had
recognised the Dutch claims on western New Guinea in treaties of 1885 and 1895. Dutch activity in the region remained minimal in the first half of the twentieth century. Dutch, US, and Japanese mining companies explored the area's rich oil reserves in the 1930s. In 1942, the northern coast of West New Guinea and the nearby islands were occupied by Japan (Western New Guinea campaign).
deadly chemical weapons. It was not until the 20th century that rich oil fields were discovered in the area. On 16 July 1909, after secret negotiation with the British consul, Percy Cox assisted by Arnold Wilson, Sheik Khaz'al (Khaz'al al-Ka'bi) agreed to a rental agreement for the island including Abadan. ref
Territories , and Highway 43 (Alberta Highway 43) to British Columbia and Alaska thereby making it an important ground link to these destinations. These highways also provide access to the rich oil and gas fields and forests. What was formerly the Northern Alberta Railway tracks through the town provide the only rail crossing over the Peace River in Alberta. The Canadian government built the Great Slave Lake Railway which started at Roma, a few kilometres west of the Town of Peace
. Population: thumb left 350px Alexander Löhr, c-in-c ''Luftflotte 4'' (left) and Richthofen, in the spring or summer, 1942. (File:Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-452-0985-36, Russland, Generäle Löhr und W. v. Richthofen.jpg) In the winter, 1941–1942, the stalemate on the north and central sectors was not mirrored in the south. Army Group South had overrun the Ukraine, were outside Rostov, considered the gate to the Caucasus and its rich
oil fields, and had occupied most of the Crimea. However, in December the Soviets made an amphibious landing at the Kerch Peninsula, on the extreme east coast of the Crimea. The landing threatened to cut off the German Eleventh Army (11th Army (Wehrmacht)) commanded by Erich von Manstein, which were engaged in the siege of Sevastopol (Siege of Sevastopol (1941-1942)) on the southern-central tip of the Crimea. Manstein called off the siege and prepared, though outnumbered and refused army reinforcements by Hitler who was building Army Group South for a different operation (Case Blue), to repel the danger. On 31 March, he laid down his plans and called his offensive Operation ''Trappenjagd'' (Bustard Hunt). Hayward 1998, pp. 48, 67. In 1108, Yuri was sent by his father to govern in his name the vast Rostov-Suzdal (Vladimir-Suzdal) province in the north-east of Kievan Rus'. In 1121, he quarrelled with the boyars of Rostov and moved the capital of his lands from that city to Suzdal. As the area was sparsely populated, Yuriy founded many fortresses there. He established the towns of Ksniatin in 1134, Pereslavl-Zalesski and Yuriev-Polski in 1152, and Dmitrov in 1154. The establishment of Tver, Kostroma, and Vologda is also popularly assigned to Yuri. In 1934 after the reorganization of security apparatus (the OGPU was joint to NKVD as a GUGB), Abakumov started his work in a 1st Section of Economics Department (''EKO'') by the Main Directorate of State Security (GUGB) of NKVD. Then on the first of August 1934 he was transferred to The Chief Directorate of Camps and Labour Colonies well known as GULAG, where he served to 1937, mainly as operative officer in 3rd Section of Security Department of GULAG of the NKVD. In April 1937 Abakumov was moved to the 4th Department (''OO'') of GUGB of the NKVD where he served until March 1938. After the next reorganization of NKVD structure in March 1938, he became assistant to the chief of the 4th Department in the 1st Directorate of the NKVD, and then from September 29 to November 1, 1938 he fulfilled duties of assistant to Pyotr Fedotov, the head of the 2nd Department (Secret Political Dep – or. ''SPO'') of GUGB of the NKVD. Next, until the end of 1938, he worked in ''SPO'' GUGB NKVD as a head of one of the Sections. Abakumov had survived the great purge by participating in it. He executed each order without scruples, probably saving him from facing an execution squad himself. Near the end of December 1938 Abakumov was moved from Moscow to Rostov, where soon he became the head of UNKVD of Rostov Oblast, (the head of the local NKVD Office). * 1238: Vladimir and Moscow were devastated, Battle of the Sit River is fought shortly after * 1238-1239: Rostov, Uglich, Yaroslavl, Kostroma, Kashin (Kashin (town)), Ksnyatin (Sknyatino), Gorodets, Galich (Galich, Russia), Pereslavl (Pereslavl-Zalessky), Yuriev (Yuriev-Polsky), Dmitrov, Volok (Volokolamsk), Tver and Torzhok were devastated. In the west, Chernigov (Chernihiv) and Pereyaslav (Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi) were sacked. * 1240: Destruction of Kiev. * 1278: Tatars pillaged Ryazan principality (Principality of Ryazan). * 1281: The horde of Kovdygay and Alchiday destroyed Murom and Pereslavl (Pereslavl-Zalessky), ruined vicinities of Suzdal, Rostov, Vladimir, Yuryev (Yuryev-Polsky), Tver and Torzhok. * 1282: Tatar attack on Vladimir and Pereslavl (Pereslavl-Zalessky). '''Borisoglebsky''' ( Wikipedia:Rostov (disambiguation)
. It was a major stronghold for the Russians during the Caucasian Wars during 1818-1864. During the early 20th century, population boomed because of the city's rich oil reserves which drove many Russians from other parts of the country to work in the city. During World War II, Josef Stalin thought the Chechens were working with the Nazis to overthrow the Soviet government. It was decided to deport all Chechens to concentration camps in Northern Kazakhstan. Although they were allowed back
DATE OF DEATH 31 October 1939 It was created on April 27, 1922, during the Yakut Revolt. It is now Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (Sakha Republic) of Russia. Yakut ASSR is known for its rich oil deposits, and refineries. It is a part of the Far Eastern Federal Okrug, it is also a part of the Far Eastern economic region. Sakha was founded in 12th century by the legendary king Ellei from the Central Asia. birth_date November 1887 birth_place Yakutia (Sakha Republic), Russian Empire death_date ; (March 2, 1908 - May 28, 1968), was a Soviet (Soviet Union) sniper during World War II, credited with as many as 429 kills. He was born in the village of Krest-Khaldzhay of what is now Tomponsky Ulus of the Sakha Republic, Russian Federation.
Outer Manchuria, which was ceded by the Qing Dynasty to Imperial Russia under a series of ''Unequal Treaties'', which included the Treaty of Aigun in 1858 and the Convention of Peking in 1860, in order to exchange exclusive usage of Russia's rich oil resources. The transfer was carried out on October 14, 2008. commons:Khabarovsk
, born January 1, 1959) was a president (List of Presidents of Comoros) of the Comoros. He became leader of the country on 30 April 1999 after leading a coup to depose acting president Tadjidine Ben Said Massounde, who he saw as pandering (pandering (politics)) to the independence movement (Comorian Secession Crisis) on Anjouan. He won multi-party elections (Elections in Comoros) in 2002, prior to which he was constitutionally required to temporarily step down in order to run as a candidate. The Office of Foreign Assets Control of the United States Department of the Treasury had already banned various branches of this organization at various times, including the US branch on 9 September 2004. U.S.-Based Branch of Al Haramain Foundation Linked to Terror, press release, US Department of the Treasury, 9 September 2004 Under various names it had branches in Afghanistan, Albania, Bangladesh, Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina), Comoros, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Kenya, the Netherlands, Nigeria, Pakistan, Somalia, Tanzania, and the United States. nativename ''Shikomor'' states Comoros and Mayotte region Throughout Comoros and Mayotte; also in Madagascar and Réunion states Comoros and Mayotte region Throughout Comoros and Mayotte; also in Madagascar and Réunion speakers 700,000 '''Comorian''' ''(Shikomor)'' is the most widely used language on the Comoros (independent islands in the Indian Ocean, off Mozambique and Madagascar) and Mayotte. It is a set of Swahili (Swahili language) dialects but with a much stronger Arabic (Arabic language) influence than standard Swahili. Each island has a different dialect; that of Anjouan is called ''Shindzuani,'' that of Mohéli ''Shimwali,'' that of Mayotte ''Shimaore (Shimaore dialect),'' and that of Grande Comore ''Shingazija''. No official alphabet (Official script) existed in 1992, but Arabic (Arabic script) and Latin (Latin script) scripts were both used. DX-peditions with most contacts In October 2011, the T32C Kiritimati (Christmas Island, Eastern Kiribati) DXpedition, run by the Five Star DXers Association, claimed 213,169 contacts. This broke the February 2008 record set by the Ducie Island (Pitcairn group) DXpedition, which claimed 183,686 QSOs under the callsign VP6DX. This in turn had broken the previous record of 168,000 set in 2001 by D68C (also by the FSDXA) from the Galawa Beach Hotel on the Comoros island of Grande Comore. The January 2012 trip to Malpelo Island netted 195,625 contacts. While not an absolute record, it was the largest total ever achieved by a DX-pedition where the members lived in tents and powered their radios by portable generators. Malpelo DXpedition 2012 right thumb Close-up of 1808 map of Africa with the small Comoros islands labelled "Camora" (near center, just below marked line of latitude) (Image:Camora.jpg) Some scholars have theorized that Smith created the name "Cumorah" through his study of the treasure-hunting stories of Captain William Kidd. See, e.g., Ronald V. Huggins, "From Captain Kidd's Treasure Ghost to the Angel Moroni: Changin ''Dramatis Personae'' in Early Mormonism", ''Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought'', '''36''':4 (Winter 2003) pp. 17-42. Because Kidd was said to have buried treasure in the Comoros islands, it has been suggested that Smith used the name of the islands and applied it to the hill