government of the United States U.S. Government took charge of the patents owned by the major companies involved in radio manufacture in the United States in order to devote radio technology to the war effort. All production of radio equipment was allocated to the U.S. Army, U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, and the U.S. Coast Guard. The War Department (United States Department of War) and the Navy Department (United States Department of the Navy) sought to maintain a Federal monopoly of all uses of radio technology. However, the wartime takeover of all radio systems ended late in 1918, when the U.S. Congress failed to pass a bill which would have extended this monopoly; the War ended in November of that year. *1717 – An earthquake (1717 Guatemala earthquake) strikes Antigua Guatemala, destroying much of the city's architecture and making authorities consider moving the capital to a different city. *1789 – The United States Department of War first establishes a regular army (United States Army) with a strength of several hundred men. * 1789 – The 1st United States Congress adjourns. In the United States War Department (United States Department of War) in Washington, DC (Washington, D.C.), General George Marshall is informed that three of four brothers in the Ryan family have all died within days of each other and that their mother will receive all three telegrams on the same day. He learns that the fourth son, Private First Class James Francis Ryan of Baker Company, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment (506th Infantry Regiment), 101st Airborne Division is missing in action somewhere in Normandy. After reading to his staff Abraham Lincoln's letter to Mrs. Bixby (Bixby letter), Marshall orders that Ryan be found and sent home immediately because of the Sole Survivor Policy. The statue was administered by the United States Lighthouse Board until 1901 and then by the Department of War (United States Department of War); since 1933 it has been maintained by the National Park Service. The statue was closed for renovation for much of 1938. In the early 1980s, it was found to have deteriorated to such an extent that a major restoration was required. While the statue was closed from 1984 to 1986, the torch and a large part of the internal structure were replaced. After the September 11 attacks in 2001, it was closed for reasons of safety and security; the pedestal reopened in 2004 and the statue in 2009, with limits on the number of visitors allowed to ascend to the crown. The statue, including the pedestal and base, closed beginning on October 29, 2011, for up to a year so that a secondary staircase and other safety features can be installed; Liberty Island remains open. Public access to the balcony surrounding the torch has been barred for safety reasons since 1916. thumb Government poster using the Statue of Liberty to promote the sale of Liberty Bond (File:Statue of Liberty 1917 poster.jpg)s When the torch was illuminated on the evening of the statue's dedication, it produced only a faint gleam, barely visible from Manhattan. The ''World'' characterized it as "more like a glowworm than a beacon."