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political recording


Russia

in 1983). January * January 2 – Russia begins to circulate new ruble (Russian ruble)s to stem inflation and promote confidence. * January 4 – Wilaya of Relizane massacres of 4 January 1998 in Algeria: Over 170 are killed in 3 remote villages. * March 3 – Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a political recording of a document, using Thomas Edison's cylinder. * March 4 – Russo-Japanese War: Russian troops in Korea retreat toward Manchuria, followed by 100,000 Japanese troops. * March 26 – 80,000 demonstrators gather in Hyde Park, London, to protest against the importation of Chinese labourers to South Africa (Chinese South Africans) by the British government (Unionist Government 1895–1905). * October 19 – Polytechnic University of the Philippines is founded as Manila Business School through the superintendence of the American (United States) C.A. O'Reilley. * October 21 – Russo-Japanese War – Dogger Bank incident: The Russian Baltic Fleet fires on British trawlers it mistakes for Japanese torpedo boats in the North Sea. * October 27 – The first underground line of the New York City Subway opens. * March 24 – The Mayor of New York, Van Wyck, breaks ground for a new underground "Rapid Transit Railroad" that will link Manhattan with Brooklyn (Brooklyn, NY). * March 27 – The arrival of a Russian naval fleet in Korea causes concern to the Imperial Japanese government. * March 28 – Over 1,000 tonnes of waste are removed from demolished buildings in Sydney, Australia, in areas affected by an outbreak of the bubonic plague. * May 18 – The United Kingdom proclaims a protectorate over Tonga. * May 21 – Russia invades Manchuria. * May 23 – Sergeant William Harvey Carney is awarded the Medal of Honor for heroism in 1863, as the first African American to have been awarded this medal. Early in 1929, the Afghan leader King Amanullah lost power through revolution and civil war to Amir Habibullah II. Habibulah's rule, however, only lasted nine months. Nadir Shah (Mohammed Nadir Shah) replaced him in October, starting a line of monarchs which would last 40 years. pp. 41–44 ISBN 0813340195 In neighboring India, a general strike in Bombay continued throughout the year despite efforts by the British. Chandavarkar, Rajnarayan. ''Imperial Power and Popular Politics.'' Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. pp. 170–178 ISBN 0521596920 On December 29, the All India Congress in Lahore declared Indian independence from Britain, something it had threatened to do if Britain did not grant India dominion status. Vohra, Ranbir. ''The Making of India.'' Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 2001. pp. 147–148 ISBN 0765607123 China and Russia engaged in a minor conflict (Sino-Soviet conflict (1929)) after China seized full control of the Manchurian Chinese Eastern Railway. Russia counterattacked and took the cities of Hailar (Hailar District) and Manchouli before issuing an ultimatum demanding joint control of the railway to be reinstated. The Chinese agreed to the terms on November 26. The Japanese would later see this defeat as a sign of Chinese weakness, leading to their taking control of Manchuria. Elleman, Bruce. ''Diplomacy and Deception.'' Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 1997. pp. 282–283 ISBN 0765601435 The Far East began to experience economic problems late in the year as the effects of the Great Depression began to spread. Southeast Asia was especially hard hit as its exports (spice, rubber, and other commodities) were more sensitive to economic problems. Tarling, Nicholas. ''The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia.'' Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. pp. 182–184 ISBN 0521663717 In the Pacific, on December 28 – "Black Saturday (Mau_movement#Black_Saturday)" in Samoa – New Zealand colonial police killed 11 unarmed demonstrators, an event which led the Mau movement to demand independence for Samoa. ** Polish Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak resigns from Parliament and is replaced by ex-communist Jozef Oleksy. ** In Moscow, Russian anti-corruption journalist Vladislav Listyev is killed by a gunman. * March 2 – Nick Leeson is arrested for his role in the collapse of Barings Bank. thumb 120px Vivian Stanshall (File:Towpath2.jpg) * March 1 – Vladislav Listyev, Russian journalist (b. 1956). * March 3 – Howard W. Hunter, American Mormon leader (b. 1907) ** ''STS-42'': Dr. Roberta Bondar becomes the first Canadian (Canada) woman in space, aboard Space Shuttle ''Discovery (Space Shuttle Discovery)''. * January 26 – Boris Yeltsin announces that Russia will stop targeting cities of the United States and her allies with Nuclear Weapon (Nuclear weapon)s. In return George H. W. Bush announces that the United States and her allies will stop targeting Russia and the remaining communist (Communism) states with Nuclear Weapons. May * May 5 – Russian leaders in Crimea declare their separation from Ukraine as a new republic. They withdraw the secession on May 10. * May 7 – Space Shuttle Endeavor makes its maiden flight, as a replacement for a lost Space Shuttle (Space Shuttle Challenger).(STS-49) * June 8 – The first World Ocean Day is celebrated, coinciding with the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. * June 17 – A 'Joint Understanding' agreement on arms reduction is signed by U.S. President George H. W. Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin (this is later codified in START II). * June 20 – In Estonia, the kroon (Estonian kroon) replaces the Soviet ruble. * July 1 – July 12: At least one shark mauls 5 swimmers along Commons:Category:Russia WikiPedia:Russia Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia


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