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Flashline Mars Arctic Research Station

conducted data collection related to a significant number of scientific studies during the course of the mission. These included: * Biological properties of the active layer above the permafrost * Microbial community comparison within the active layer above the permafrost * Diversification of microbial activity in different snow types on Devon Island * Effects of an asynchronous online collaboration tool on knowledge building and science return on a Mars simulation mission * The role of geologic parameters in predicting bioload above the permafrost, while varying depth, location, and soil type, through the spring thaw transition * Transient hydrothermal systems of the Haughton impact structure, Devon Island, Canada: Implications for the development of biological habitats * Tracing the relative contribution of basement and carbonate lithologies in the Haughton crater impactites * Permafrost landform development over the winter-to-summer transition: Characterization of evolving physical conditions of a polygon field in the Canadian High Arctic * Observing the "Weeping Cliffs" phenomenon near Haughton Crater as an analogue for Mars * Regolith landform mapping of Haughton Crater as an analogue for Mars * Mars Radiation Environment Modeling (MarsREM) * Measurement and evaluation of support intervention based on distance communication technologies and of physical training on relevance, feasibility and perceived efficacy * Analysis of group dynamics-perception of situational factors (heterogeneous and international) and its impact on crew interaction and perception of behavior and performance of crew members * Analysis of station environment habitability, of crew cognitive performance and changes in group dynamics * CASPER: The use of cardiac autonomic activity as a surrogate marker for sleep in a space analog environment * Human factors research as part of a space analogue mission on Devon Island * Seasonal variation of Chironomidae in the ponds of the Canadian High Arctic as a paleoclimatic indicator * Seasonal variation of the ponds on Devon Island, Nunavut, Canadian High Arctic * Metrics of a long duration polar expedition: An analogue for human Moon-Mars exploration * Moon and Mars crew water utilization study conducted at the Flashline Mars Arctic Research Station * Martian sol influence on sleep stability and mental performance during a long duration analogue exploration mission The crew also took part in a number of media and outreach events. A documentary team from Les Productions Vic Pelletier, Quebec visited the station for three days. Photographer Christian Lamontagne took pictures for their web-based program. The crew participated in a live interactive Mars Ed event with the NASA Ames Academy, for which their PCSP Principal Investigator Chris McKay gave an on-site introduction at Ames. Following the mission, several crew members met with Dr. Gary Goodyear, Member of the Canadian Parliament and Chair of the Canadian Space Caucus, to discuss the F-XI LDM mission & the future of space exploration in Canada. 2009 The crew flew the Maveric unmanned aerial vehicle (Prioria Robotics Maveric) (UAV) six times over Devon Island. Four of these flights were conducted in‐sim for the first time ever, supporting the idea that human Mars explorers could launch, operate and recover a UAV while encumbered by a spacesuit. This capability expanded the crew's field of view and the rate at which they could survey surrounding terrain. The Maveric UAV was deployed at the sites of several hydrothermal pipes (Breccia pipe), where aerial footage of these features with correlated GPS track information was captured for analysis, aiding later site sampling by crew geologists. Several GPS units including a Trimble (Trimble Navigation) GeoXM, helped the crew navigate on a long‐distance EVA to the Gemini Hills, an extensive deposit of hydrothermal breccia created by the Haughton meteor impact. The primary objective was to locate and sample a gypsum deposit at this site. Gypsum is a hydrated calcium sulfate mineral which is 20% water and is found in abundance on Earth and at many locations on Mars. Used to make plaster of Paris (Plaster of Paris#Gypsum plaster), sheetrock, cement, and other building materials, this white mineral will be an important resource for Mars industry. The crew returned to the Hab with samples from the gypsum deposit, crushed and heated them, and recovered pure liquid water and plaster of Paris. This ISRU demonstration was a first for a Mars simulation. thumb alt Crew members Kristine Ferrone and Joseph Palaia operate the Maveric Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) on July 24, 2009. Crew members Kristine Ferrone and Joseph Palaia operate the Maveric Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) on July 24, 2009. (File:072409 018-Stacy-07-24-09.jpg) thumb alt Crew members Brian Shiro, Christy Garvin, Stacy Cusack and Kristine Ferrone deploy the TEM47-PROTEM low frequency electromagnetic survey equipment on Haynes Ridge during EVA 8. Crew members Brian Shiro, Christy Garvin, Stacy Cusack and Kristine Ferrone deploy the TEM47-PROTEM low frequency electromagnetic survey equipment on Haynes Ridge during EVA 8. (File:FMARS TEM47‐PROTEM1 2009-07-19.jpg) thumb alt Crew member Kristine Ferrone operates a Class IV High Power Laser therapy device. Crew member Kristine Ferrone operates a Class IV High Power Laser therapy device. (File:FMARS Medical Laser1 2009-07-26.jpg) thumb alt Crew members Joseph Palaia and Vernon Kramer deploy the Omega Envoy prototype lunar rover on July 12, 2009. Crew members Joseph Palaia and Vernon Kramer deploy the Omega Envoy prototype lunar rover on July 12, 2009. (File:071209 082-Stacy-7-12-09.jpg) thumb upright alt Vernon Kramer uses a Trimble GeoXM GPS to locate the Gemini Hills on EVA 9. Vernon Kramer uses a Trimble GeoXM GPS to locate the Gemini Hills on EVA 9. (File:FMARS 2009 trimble.jpg) thumb upright alt The crew located the gypsum deposit and extracted samples. The crew located the gypsum deposit and extracted samples. (File:FMARS 2009 gypsum field.jpg) thumb upright alt The gypsum was scrapped and crushed to produce a fine powder. The gypsum was scrapped and crushed to produce a fine powder. (File:FMARS 2009 gypsum crush.jpg) thumb upright alt The apparatus used to extract water from the gypsum powder. The apparatus used to extract water from the gypsum powder. (File:FMARS 2009 gypsum lab.jpg) thumb upright alt Water being extracted from the gypsum powder through heating. Water being extracted from the gypsum powder through heating. (File:FMARS 2009 gypsum heat.jpg) thumb upright alt Crew member Vernon Kramer with a sample of water extracted from solid rock. Crew member Vernon Kramer with a sample of water extracted from solid rock. (File:FMARS 2009 gypsum water.jpg) Seven of the sixteen FMARS EVAs were devoted to two geophysical experiments. One project was to install Devon Island’s first seismometer, a Trillium Compact provided by Nanometrics. The crew scouted deployment locations and installed the equipment while fully in‐sim, a first for Mars analog research. Seismic stations similar to this will provide important understanding of the interior of planets including Mars, particularly the deep crust (Crust (geology)), mantle (Mantle (geology)), and core (Inner core). The second geophysical project tested how effectively human explorers in space suits could deploy low frequency electromagnetic survey equipment, a TEM47‐PROTEM provided by Geonics Limited, to search for groundwater beneath Haynes Ridge near the hab location. Future human Mars explorers may conduct similar surveys in their search for life and resources to support human settlement. The crew conducted and were subjects in a research study using a Class IV High Power Laser therapy device (Laser medicine) provided by Lighthouse Technical Innovation, Inc. Crew members received treatment on focused areas before and after each EVA. The laser therapy is effective due to the penetration of coherent laser light into the tissues causing deep heating and local vasodilation. The additional blood supply provided by the dilated vessels can serve many functions, most notably preparation of the muscles for physical exertion and accelerated healing of muscle soreness, strain, or pain from past injuries. The laser therapy at the FMARS Hab was effective in relieving symptoms caused by physical exertion and was concurrent with the quick healing of minor injuries, recovery from an illness, and the complete lack of muscle pulls or extended soreness. The Omega Envoy Project, a team vying for the Google Lunar X PRIZE, provided a prototype lunar rover for testing during the FMARS 2009 mission. The rover was assembled and tested prior to the mission by 4Frontiers Corporation interns, in coordination with the Florida Space Grant Consortium (National Space Grant College and Fellowship Program) and NASA’s Exploration Systems Mission Directorate. Outfitted with a communications and video package designed in collaboration with the University of Central Florida DARPA team, the rover was continuously operated via the internet from the team’s headquarters in Orlando, Florida. This demonstration proved key technologies and provided essential teleoperational experience related to communicating with and controlling the rover from a remote location. It provided a deeper understanding of the complexities to be encountered in lunar rover operation. For all FMARS 2009 EVAs, the crew wore a Garmin Forerunner combined GPS and heart rate monitor system to gather concurrent geographic and physiological data. Crew members also captured geotagged photos and videos using Coolpix P6000 GPS‐enabled cameras, donated by Nikon. These technologies allowed them to easily combine ground and UAV GPS tracks, heart rate data, and photo information within the geographic context of Google Earth to produce visuals for display on the FMARS website. The crew also gathered data useful for the evolution of MIT’s Mission Planner Software, which may be used by future astronauts to generate safe and efficient EVA traverses. Social media outlets like Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, and Picasa Web Albums (Picasa) also helped the FMARS crew share its activities with the interested public. Some crew members also maintained blogs that garnered substantial followings. At least 25 stories featuring FMARS 2009 have been published, showing media interest in the expedition. Thanks in large part to The Mars Society volunteers serving on the Mission Support team (in Colorado, Florida, Texas, Washington, and Australia), the FMARS website received a major overhaul this year, helping the crew to organize, manage, and release to the interested public the volumes of generated information. Mission Support posted crew reports, photos and video files to the website, and also assisted in troubleshooting technical problems as they arose. The crew also benefited from the expertise of an international team of physicians who provided telemedicine support. In coordination with Southern Methodist University (SMU (Southern Methodist University)), Florida Space Grant Consortium (FSGC) and the Georgia Space Grant Consortium (National Space Grant College and Fellowship Program) (GSGC (National Space Grant College and Fellowship Program)), FMARS crew members conducted four live video webcasts with students groups. These sessions included the SMU Talented & Gifted Program, NASA Kennedy Space Center Interns, NASA Digital Learning Network via Georgia Tech, and Gardendale Magnet Elementary School in Florida. Students, educators and interns in attendance gave the FMARS crew high praise for providing this glimpse of life in a simulated Mars habitat. 2013 thumb Flashline Mars Arctic Research Station (FMARS) and associated infrastructure. This includes a newly deployed Instaberm (secondary containment area for fuel storage), stored diesel fuel and gasoline, and the current generator shack. (File:FMARS and Infrastructure on July 17, 2013..JPG) The 2013 expedition was a survey and refit mission, intended to assess the current condition of FMARS and to deliver equipment, materials and supplies necessary to prepare the station for the planned 1-year Mars simulation (Mars Arctic 365). Accomplishments included: * Surveyed the station and on-site infrastructure. Found the hab to be sound but identified some minor issues to be addressed next season. * Delivered one new generator * Delivered one new ATV. Two additional were purchased and stored in Resolute for deployment next season * Deployed additional containment areas for fuel storage * Delivered and installed new cooking equipment * Delivered a new metal storage and generator building to Resolute for deployment next season * Assessed ground conditions, staked out the location for the new building, and cleared the site * Surveyed two new airstrips to provide more options and avoid future landings in crosswinds * Delivered and installed a new weather station * Tested new Iridium satellite phones * Performed some clean up and organization The Mars Society is planning to conduct a second refit mission in July 2014 to finish station repair and upgrades prior to the start of the planned one year Mars Arctic 365 mission. Publications The following publications have been based on research performed at FMARS. 2001 * Vladimir Pletser, Philippe Lognonne, Michel Diament, Véronique Dehant. "Subsurface water detection on Mars by astronauts using a seismic refraction method: Tests during a manned Mars mission simulation", ActaAstronautica64(2009)457–466. * Alain Souchier. "Private ground infrastructures for space exploration missions simulations", ActaAstronautica66(2010)1580–1592. * on Devon Island in Canada's high Arctic in the summer of 2000. thumb 150px right Devon Island region (Image:DevonIsl.png) Because Haughton's geology and climatology are as close to Mars-like as can be had on Earth, Haughton and its environs have been dubbed by scientists working there as "Mars on Earth." For example the center of the crater contains impact breccia (ejected rock which has fallen back into the impact zone and partially re-welded) that is permeated with permafrost, thus creating a close analog to what may be expected at crater sites on a cold, wet Mars. The Mars Institute and SETI operate the Haughton-Mars Project at this site, designed to test many of the challenges of life and work on Mars. The non-profit Mars Society also operates the Flashline Mars Arctic Research Station (FMARS (Flashline Mars Arctic Research Station)) at this site and conducts similar research. As with the Flashline Mars Arctic Research Station and the Mars Desert Research Station, which were chosen for their physical similarity to Mars, Euro-MARS will be set up on Krafla, a volcanic rift (rift valley) in north-east Iceland, which bears strong resemblance to volcanically-produced features on the surface of Mars. A relative dry region, Krafla also demonstrates land features that have been produced by water action which are visually similar to those found in certain regions of Mars. Unlike the previous stations, Euro-MARS offers extensive opportunities for in-situ extremophile biology research of the kind that may be carried out during future human missions to Mars. This is because the Krafla region has extensive rifts and fumaroles which are home to anaerobic (Anaerobic organism) (non-oxygen breathing) microbes. Any life evidenced on Mars will also be anaerobic in nature, so developing field study techniques in Krafla will help define protocols and procedure that will be employed on Mars.


N Owl 4th St. and Townsend Caltrain station (San Francisco 4th and King Street Station) Judah and La Playa Ocean Beach (Ocean Beach, San Francisco, California) Mission Bay (Mission Bay, San Francisco, California), Embarcadero (Embarcadero (San Francisco)) Financial District (Financial District, San Francisco), Civic Center (Civic Center, San Francisco), Lower Haight (Lower Haight, San Francisco, California), Haight-Ashbury, Cole Valley (Cole Valley, San Francisco, California), Sunset (Sunset District, San Francisco) Schedule Route map (PDF) right thumb 200px Ross Alley in San Francisco's Chinatown 1898. (Photo by Arnold Genthe (Image:Chinatownsf-large1.jpg)) It was during the 1860s to the 1880s when San Francisco began to transform into a major city, starting with massive expansion in all directions, creating new neighborhoods such as the Western Addition (Western Addition, San Francisco), the Haight-Ashbury, Eureka Valley (Eureka Valley, San Francisco), the Mission District (Mission District, San Francisco), culminating in the construction of Golden Gate Park in 1887. The City's famous Cable Cars (San Francisco cable car system) were built around this time, a unique invention devised by Andrew Smith Hallidie in order to traverse the City's steep hills while connecting the new residential developments. San Francisco grew in cultural prominence at this time as famous writers Mark Twain, Bret Harte, Ambrose Bierce, Rudyard Kipling, Robert Louis Stevenson, and Oscar Wilde spent time in the city, while local characters developed such as Emperor Norton. In 1967, thousands of young people entered the Haight-Ashbury district during what became known as the Summer of Love. The San Francisco Sound emerged as an influential force in rock music (rock and roll), with such acts as Jefferson Airplane and the Grateful Dead achieving international prominence. These groups blurred the boundaries between folk, rock and jazz traditions and further developed rock's lyrical content. The CWLF attracted into its membership many Christians and new converts who were interested in its ministry objectives. Among those who were attracted were three men who later collaborated in the formation of the SCP: Brooks Alexander, David Fetcho (who named the ministry), and Bill Squires. Both Alexander and Fetcho were converts to Christianity from the counterculture. Alexander had participated in the psychedelic drug usage of the counterculture, was an initiate of Transcendental Meditation, and lived in the famous Haight-Ashbury community in San Francisco. Brooks Alexander, ''Reflections of an Ex'', revised ed.,(Berkeley: SCP, 1984) (originally published in ''Right On'', September 1973). Fetcho had been involved with the Ananda Marga Yoga Society before converting to Christianity. David Fetcho, "Last Meditation Lotus Adept," ''SCP Journal'', 6 1 (Winter 1984), pp. 31–36. While residing in the Bay Area, Roberts performed in many of the local clubs and as the opening act for the Steve Miller Band at the Straight Theater in Haight-Ashbury in September, 1967. He also opened for the Santana (Santana (band)) Band at a Bill Graham Winterland concert in 1970. Deanery Three The parishes in Deanery Three consist of those from the Western Addition, Japantown, Haight-Ashbury, Richmond District (Richmond District, San Francisco, California), and Cow Hollow neighborhood.


, Texas on radio station KLIF 570 AM. The show, which is also broadcast over the Internet, focuses mainly on automotive (Automotive industry) subjects. He also writes a weekly column in the ''Fort Worth Star-Telegram'' and is a contributing writer for ''BusinessWeek'' online. Collaboration remix list Aim (Aim (musician)), Atlantic Conveyor, Blackalicious, Commix, Corinne Bailey Rae, Cutty Ranks, Dallas, Demolition Man (musician) Demolition Man


or C$19 million. Open Text was developing a suite of online collaboration products through a series of mergers, and FirstClass's educational background seemed to fit particularly well with some of their other offerings. At the time Open Text stated their intention to integrate FirstClass into the "LiveLink" internet information collection engine

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