put on for the troops, which appears to have sparked his desire to act. He left the Army at the end of the war with the rank of Sergeant Major. History According to the Stilton Cheesemaker's Association, the first Englishman to market blue Stilton cheese was Cooper Thornhill, owner of the ''Bell Inn'' on the Great North Road (Great North Road (United Kingdom)), in the village of Stilton, Huntingdonshire. '''Yorkshire (w:Yorkshire)''', a historic county (w:Historic counties of England) of northern (w:Northern England) England (w:England). It is the largest historic county in Great Britain (w:Great Britain) and has a population of over 5 million people.
; In the 1970s there were major reforms of local government (History of local government in Yorkshire) throughout the United Kingdom. Some of the changes were unpopular, and controversially Yorkshire and its ridings lost status in 1974
amounting to two-thirds of the city's population. During the next half-century, Turkmenistan played its designated economic role within the Soviet Union and remained outside the course of major world events. Even the major
liberalization movement (History of the Soviet Union (1982–1991)) that shook Russia in the late 1980s had little impact. However, in 1990 the Supreme Soviet of Turkmenistan declared sovereignty as a nationalist response to perceived exploitation by Moscow. Although Turkmenistan was ill-prepared for independence and communist leader Saparmurad Niyazov preferred to preserve the Soviet Union, in October 1991 the fragmentation of that entity forced him to call a national referendum that approved independence. thumb upright right Saparmurat Niyazov (File:Saparmurat Niyazov.jpg) left thumb Saparmurat Niyazov's cult of personality also shows on a Turkmenistan 10,000 Manat 1996 banknote (File:Turkmenistan 10,000 Manat 1996 UNC Banknote.jpg) After independence Niyazov continued as Turkmenistan's chief of state, replacing communism with a unique brand of independent nationalism reinforced by a pervasive cult of personality. A 1994 referendum and legislation in 1999 abolished further requirements for the president to stand for re-election (although in 1992 he completely dominated the only presidential election (Turkmenistani presidential election, 1992) in which he ran, as he was the only candidate and no one other was allowed to run for the office), making him effectively president for life. During his tenure, Niyazov conducted frequent purges of public officials and abolished organizations deemed threatening. Throughout the post-Soviet era, Turkmenistan has taken a neutral position on almost all international issues. Niyazov eschewed membership in regional organizations such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, and in the late 1990s he maintained relations with the Taliban and its chief opponent in Afghanistan, the Northern Alliance. He offered limited support to the military campaign against the Taliban following the 11 September 2001 attacks (September 11 attacks). In 2002 an alleged assassination attempt against Niyazov led to a new wave of security restrictions, dismissals of government officials, and restrictions placed on the media. Niyazov accused exiled former foreign minister Boris Shikhmuradov of having planned the attack. Between 2002 and 2004, serious tension arose between Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan because of bilateral disputes and Niyazov's implication that Uzbekistan had a role in the 2002 assassination attempt. In 2004 a series of bilateral treaties restored friendly relations. In the parliamentary elections of December 2004 and January 2005 (Turkmenistani parliamentary election, 2004), only Niyazov's party was represented, and no international monitors (Election monitoring) participated. In 2005 Niyazov exercised his dictatorial power by closing all hospitals outside Ashgabat and all rural libraries. The year 2006 saw intensification of the trends of arbitrary policy changes, shuffling of top officials, diminishing economic output outside the oil and gas sector, and isolation from regional and world organizations. China was among a very few nations to whom Turkmenistan made significant overtures. The sudden death of Niyazov at the end of 2006 left a complete vacuum of power, as his cult of personality, compared to that of former president Kim Il Sung (Kim Il-sung) of North Korea, had precluded the naming of a successor. Deputy Prime Minister Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow, who was named interim head of government, won the special presidential election (Turkmenistani presidential election, 2007) held in early February 2007. He was re-elected in 2012 (Turkmenistani presidential election, 2012) with 97% of the vote. Wikipedia:Turkmenistan Dmoz:Regional Asia Turkmenistan commons:category:Turkmenistan
the PSS Law 157 had passed in 1963 with Hong Jong Chul as its first chief under the direction of the Gyeongmundae Police Force. Introduction to PSS. Retrieved on January 24, 2008. PSS responsibilities were increased after North Korean soldiers of the 124th Army Unit attacked the Blue House (Cheong Wa Dae) in 1968. major history index_03.html
Volodymyr's Cathedral''' ( ; also known as the '''Volodymyrsky Cathedral''', '''Vladimirsky Cathedral''', or '''St. Vladimir's Cathedral''') is a cathedral in the centre of Kiev. It is one of the city's major landmarks and the mother cathedral (mother church) of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kiev Patriarchy, one of two major History of Christianity in Ukraine