Places Known For

including great


Birobidzhan

revolution of 1848, many Jews worldwide welcomed the Russian revolution of 1917, celebrating the fall of a regime that had presided over antisemitic pogroms, and believing that the new order in what was to become the Soviet Union would bring improvements in the situation of Jews in those lands. Many Jews became involved in Communist parties, constituting large proportions of their membership in many countries, including Great Britain and the U.S. There were specifically Jewish sections of many Communist parties, such as the Yevsektsiya in the Soviet Union. The Communist regime in the USSR pursued what could be characterised as ambivalent policies towards Jews and Jewish culture, at times supporting their development as a national culture (e.g., sponsoring significant Yiddish language scholarship and creating an autonomous Jewish territory (Jewish Autonomous Oblast) in Birobidzhan), at times pursuing antisemitic purges, such as that in the wake of the so-called Doctors' plot. (See also Komzet.) In the Soviet Union during the 1920s, Yiddish was promoted as the language of the Jewish proletariat. It became one of the official languages in some of the Soviet republics (Republics of the Soviet Union), such as the Ukrainian People's Republic, the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic and the Galician Soviet Socialist Republic. A public educational system entirely based on the Yiddish language was established and comprised kindergartens, schools, and higher educational institutions. At the same time, Hebrew was considered a bourgeois language and its use was generally discouraged. In 1928, the Soviet Union created the ''Jewish Autonomous Oblast'' ( Wikipedia:Birobidzhan


Batam

Layer Cake, which is available in most of the shopping malls and ferry terminals. They are handmade and has become the iconic takeaway delicacy from Batam. Eat Batam has plenty of eating out choices, including great Chinese seafood in the outdoor food courts, such as the Windsor and Nagoya Food Courts and A1 Pujasera. *


Jewish Autonomous Oblast

wikipedia:Jewish Autonomous Oblast commons:category:Jewish Autonomous Oblast


Antigua Guatemala

content Management and staff provide excellent service and are very responsive to requests. Instructors are friendly and knowledgeable. Instruction offered at all levels with an established curriculum, flexible one-on-one instruction, optional tours and activities daily, various options for accommodations including great all-inclusive homestays with hospitable local families. *


Diyarbakır

date March 2011 Diyarbakır boasts numerous medieval mosques and medreses, including: * Great Mosque of Diyarbakır built by the Seljuk Turkish Sultan Malik Shah (Malik Shah I) in the 11th century. The mosque, one of the oldest in Turkey, is constructed in alternating bands of black basalt and white limestone (The same patterning is used in the 16th century Deliler Han Madrassah, which is now a hotel). The adjoining ''Mesudiye Medresesi'' ''Medreseya Mesûdiyeyê'' was built at the same time, as was another prayer-school in the city, ''Zinciriye Medresesi'' ''Medreseya Zincîriyeyê''. * ''Beharampaşa Camii'' ''Mizgefta Behram Paşa'' – an Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) mosque built in 1572 by the governor of Diyarbakır, Behram Pasha, noted for the well-constructed arches at the entrance. * ''Dört Ayaklı Minare'' ''Mizgefta Çarling'' (''the four-footed minaret'') – built by Kasim Khan of the Aq Qoyunlu. It is said that one who passes seven times between the four columns will have his wishes granted. * ''Fatihpaşa Camii'' ''Mizgefta Fetih Paşa'' – built in 1520 by Diyarbakır's first Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) governor, Bıyıklı Mehmet Paşa ("the moustachioed Mehmet pasha"). The city's earliest Ottoman building, it is decorated with fine tilework. * ''Hazreti Süleyman Camii'' ''Mizgefta Hezretî Silêman'' – 1155–1169 – Süleyman son of Halid Bin Velid (Khalid ibn al-Walid), who died capturing the city from the Arabs, is buried here along with his companions. * ''Hüsrevpaşa Camii'' ''Mizgefta Husrev Paşa'' – the mosque of the second Ottoman governor, 1512–1528. Originally the building was intended to be a school (''medrese'') * ''İskender Paşa Camii'' ''Mizgefta Îskender Paşa'' – a mosque of an Ottoman governor, an attractive building in black and white stone, built in 1551. * ''Melek Ahmet Camii'' ''Melek Ahmed Paşa'' a 16th-century mosque noted for its tiled prayer-niche and for the double stairway up the minaret. * ''Nebii Camii'' ''Mizgefta Pêxember'' – an Aq Qoyunlu mosque, a single-domed stone construction from the 16th century. ''Nebi Camii'' means "the mosque of the prophet" and is so-named because of the number of inscriptions in honour of the prophet on its minaret. * ''Safa Camii'' ''Mizgefta Palo'' – built in 1532 by the Aq Qoyunlu (White Sheep Turkomans) (Aq Qoyunlu) tribe. Famous churches include: * St. Giragos Armenian Church (St. Giragos Armenian Church (Diyarbakır)) – a 19th-century Armenian Orthodox church, recently restored after a period of disuse. * The Syriac Orthodox Church of Our Lady (St. Mary Church, Diyarbakır) ( ) is a multi-purpose stadium in Diyarbakır, Turkey. It is currently used mostly for football (football (soccer)) matches and is the home stadium of Diyarbakırspor. The stadium holds 12,963 and was built in 1960. #... that the modern border between Iran and Iraq dates back to the Treaty of Zuhab, which concluded the '''Ottoman–Safavid War of 1623–1639 (Ottoman–Safavid War (1623–1639))'''? (November 29, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 235 #... that Turkish (Turkey) poet '''Süleyman Nazif''' witnessed first hand the decaying corpses of persecuted Christians in his home town of Diyarbakır in July 1915? (November 17, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 235 #... that '''Süreyya Opera House''' in Istanbul, built in 1927 as a musical theater but used all the time as a cinema, gained its intended status only in 2007 after redevelopment? (October 30, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 234 On the succession, however, of Selim I to the throne of Ottoman Sultanate, things took a very different turn. Not only had the attitude of Shah Ismail I become more threatening, but Sultan Selim I himself was more of the warrior than his Father.Selim I set out against him, and the Battle of Chaldiran was fought near Tabriz on August 23, 1514. The fanaticism of the Sufis, which led even to their women joining in the combat, failed against the cavalry and artillery of the Turks, and Ismail after a disastrous defeat fled and escaped. Selim I, his provisions failing, returned westward and spent the winter at Amasia. In the spring taking the field again, he attacked the bey of Dulkadirids who as Egypt's vassal had stood aloof, and sent his head with tidings of the victory to Mamluk Sultan Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri. Selim I later overran Diyarbakır and Iraq, taking Roha, Nisibin, Mosul and other cities. Secure now against Shah Ismail I, a larger project dawned upon Selim I; it was the conquest of Egypt, and the fact that the invasion must be made from Syria. With no anxieties toward the North, he could now safely make the advance, and so in the spring of 1516 CE he drew together for this end a great and well-appointed army; and with the view of deceiving Egypt, represented his object to be the further pursuit of Shah Ismail I. Diyarbakır Ordered to appear before a court martial in Diyarbakır, together with Vartkes Hovhannes Serengülyan, both went to Aleppoby train, escorted by one gendarme, remained in Aleppo for a few weeks, waited the results of infructuous attempts by the Ottoman governor of the city to have them sent back to the capital (''some sources mention Cemal Pasha himself intervening for their return, but Talat Pasha insisting on them to sent to the court martial''), and then dispatched to Urfa and remained there for some time in the house of a Turkish deputy friend, taken under police escort and led to Diyarbakır by car -allegedly accompanied on a voluntary basis by some notable Urfa Armenians, and with many sources confirming, they were murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karaköprü or Şeytanderesi in the outskirts of Urfa, some time between 15 July and 20 July 1915. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. Removed from the Ayaş prison on 5 May and taken under military escort to Diyarbakır along with Daghavarian, Agnouni, Jangülian, Khajag and Minassian to appear before a court martial there and they were, seemingly, murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, and ''lieutenants'' Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. Removed from the Ayaş prison on 5 May and taken under military escort to Diyarbakır along with Daghavarian, Agnouni, Jangülian, Khajag and Minassian to appear before a court martial there and they were, seemingly, murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, and ''lieutenants'' Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. Dr. Nazaret Daghavarian Տքթ. Նազարէթ Տաղաւարեան 1862 Sebastia (Sivas) Killed Physician, director of Surp Prgitch Hospital, deputy in the Ottoman parliament, deputy for Sivas in the Armenian National Assembly (Armenian National Assembly (Ottoman Empire)), founding member of Armenian General Benevolent Union. April 24, 1915 Ayaş Removed from the Ayaş prison on 5 May and taken under military escort to Diyarbakır along with Agnouni, Jangülian, Khajag, Minassian and Zartarian to appear before a court martial there and they were, seemingly, murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, and ''lieutenants'' Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır, killed on the way to Urfa. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. Dr. Nazaret Daghavarian Տքթ. Նազարէթ Տաղաւարեան 1862 Sebastia (Sivas) Killed Physician, director of Surp Prgitch Hospital, deputy in the Ottoman parliament, deputy for Sivas in the Armenian National Assembly (Armenian National Assembly (Ottoman Empire)), founding member of Armenian General Benevolent Union. April 24, 1915 Ayaş Removed from the Ayaş prison on 5 May and taken under military escort to Diyarbakır along with Agnouni, Jangülian, Khajag, Minassian and Zartarian to appear before a court martial there and they were, seemingly, murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, and ''lieutenants'' Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır, killed on the way to Urfa. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. thumb Right 200px A w:Pegasus Airlines Pegasus Airline (File:Pegasusairlines.b737-800.tc-aap.bristol.arp.jpg) plane A Pegasus Airline (w:Pegasus Airlines) flight carrying 178 passengers was hijacked today by a man named Mehmet Gökşin Göl. The plane took off from the town of Diyarbakır (w:Diyarbakır) and headed toward Istanbul (w:Istanbul, Turkey), Turkey (w:Turkey)'s most populated city.


Antigua and Barbuda

, and a number of smaller islands (including Great Bird, Green, Guinea, Long, Maiden and York Islands (York Island (Antigua and Barbuda)) and further south, the island of Redonda). The permanent population numbers about 81,800 (at the 2011 Census) and the capital and largest port and city is St. John's (St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda), on Antigua. Separated by a few nautical miles, Antigua and Barbuda are in the middle of the Leeward Islands, part of the Lesser Antilles, roughly


Etruscan civilization

origins of his own family, the Claudius (gens) (gens Claudia), and the recent promotion to senatorial rank of men from Gallia Narbonensis. Europe In Europe, bronze mirrors from the Bronze Age have been discovered from various places, including Britain (Great Britain) and Italy. A notable example includes the Birdlip mirror. Etruscan (Etruscan civilization) mirrors were produced from between the 6th and 2nd centuries BCE. Celtic mirrors in Prehistoric Britain


Brunei

in Europe, including Great Britain, France, Spain, Germany, Austria, Belgium, and the Netherlands. Hakka people also are found in South Africa and Mauritius, on the islands of the Caribbean (Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago), and in Central and South America (Americas), particularly in Panama and Brazil. Most expatriate Hakka in Great Britain have ties to Hong Kong; many emigrated when Hong Kong still was a British colony during a period


Mauritius

States , and to many countries in Europe, including Great Britain, France, Spain, Germany, Austria, Belgium, and the Netherlands. Hakka people also are found in South Africa and Mauritius, on the islands of the Caribbean (Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago), and in Central and South America (Americas), particularly in Panama and Brazil. Most expatriate Hakka in Great Britain have ties to Hong Kong; many emigrated when Hong Kong still


Trinidad and Tobago

Sun Online accessdate 6 February 2012 and a visit to sites affected by the recent volcanic eruptions in Montserrat. Hakka people also emigrated to Australia, Brunei, Canada, the United States, and to many countries in Europe, including Great Britain, France, Spain, Germany, Austria, Belgium, and the Netherlands. Hakka people also are found in South Africa and Mauritius, on the islands of the Caribbean ( Jamaica


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