Places Known For

important musical


Prince-Bishopric of Liège

de Bles Henri Blès are generally called mosan (Mosan art) painters. Lambert Lombard (Liège (Liège (city)), 1505 – 1566) was a Renaissance painter, architect and theorist for the Prince-Bishopric of Liège. Gérard de Lairesse, Bertholet Flemalle were also important painters in the Prince-Bishopric of Liège. thumb 200px Guillaume Dufay (Image:DufayBinchois.jpg) (left), with Gilles Binchois There was an important musical life in Prince-Bishopric of Liège since the beginning. Between 1370 and 1468 flourished a school of music in Liège, with Johannes Brassart, Johannes de Sarto and firstly Johannes Ciconia, the third Master of Ars Nova. French ’’Le troisième grand Maître de l'Ars Nova'' in Robert Wangermée et Philippe Mercier, La musique en Wallonie et à Bruxelles, La Renaissance du livre, Bruxelles, 1980, Tome I,pp. 37-40. The modern borders of the province of Liège originated in 1795 in the unification of the Principality or Prince-Bishopric of Liège with the revolutionary France Department of the Ourthe (sometimes spelled Ourte). Most of the province traces its history to the Prince-Bishopric of Liège though. Prince-Bishopric of Liège was dissolved in 1795, when it was annexed by France. Its territory was divided over the départements Meuse-Inférieure, Ourthe, and Sambre-et-Meuse. Creating the modern boundaries of the Liege Province. Lafayette had already decided to flee with his similarly endangered staff officers to the Republic of the United Netherlands (Dutch Republic). Lafayette hoped to gather his family in Britain, then retire to the United States, Clary, p. 409 Spalding, pp. 5–6 but did not make it. Troops of the counter-revolutionary coalition of Austria and Prussia had been massing in the Southern Netherlands, to invade France with the intention of restoring the old French monarchy. Flemish Austrian troops under Major General (later Field Marshal) Johann von Moitelle arrested Lafayette's party the evening of 17 August at Rochefort, Belgium, at that time a village in the officially neutral Prince-Bishopric of Liège. Among those arrested with Lafayette were Jean Baptiste Joseph, chevalier de Laumoy, Louis Saint Ange Morel, chevalier de la Colombe, Alexandre-Théodore-Victor, comte de Lameth, Charles César de Fay de La Tour-Maubourg, Marie Victor de Fay, marquis de Latour-Maubourg, Juste-Charles de Fay de La Tour-Maubourg, Jean-Xavier Bureau de Pusy. Holbrook, p. 114 Doyle, p. 190 Lafayette Collection, Library of Congress, Reel 1, Folder 2A Spalding, pp. 2–3, 6–7 From 25 August to 3 September 1792, he was held at Nivelles; then transferred to Luxemburg (Luxembourg) where an Austrian-Prussian-French royalist military tribunal declared him, César de La Tour-Maubourg, Jean Bureaux de Pusy, and Alexandre de Lameth, all previously deputies in the French National Convention, to be "prisoners of state" for their leading roles in the Revolution. The tribunal sentenced them to an incarceration that was to last until, as was anticipated by coalition rulers, a restored French king could render final judgment on the prisoners for their alleged political crimes. On 12 September 1792, a Prussian military escort received the men from their Austrian guards. The party travelled down the Moselle river to Coblentz (Koblenz), then down the Rhine river to the Prussian fortress-city of Wesel, where the Frenchmen remained in the central citadel from 19 September to 22 December 1792. When victorious French revolutionary troops began to threaten the Rhineland, King Frederick William II of Prussia transferred the prisoners east to the citadel at Magdeburg, where they remained an entire year, from 4 January 1793 to 4 January 1794. Those walls have been dismantled in 1467, when Charles the Bold attacked the Prince-Bishopric of Liège during the Liège Wars and destructed many cities in the region. Maaseik was also besieged in 1672, by Louis XIV. The city burned in 1650 and 1684; the last one destroyed 1 3 of the entire city, included the historic center. After that the ''Maaseikenaars'' built stone houses instead of wooden ones. During the iconoclasm, Maaseik became almost independent, but Gerard van Groesbeek could calm down the people. In the early Middle Ages, Huy was one of the most prosperous cities on the Meuse, with a flourishing economy based mostly on metallurgy, but also on tanning, sculpting, woodworking, and wine-making. In the 10th century, Huy was promoted to county status, but soon became part of the Prince-Bishopric of Liège, with which it would share its history for more than eight centuries. Huy was the recipient of the first historically known charter north of the Alps, confirming it as a city in 1066. It is around that time that Peter the Hermit harangued the locals and persuaded them to participate in the First Crusade. left 230px thumb Center of Verviers (Image:Verviers Centrum.jpg) In the 10th century, Charles the Simple ceded the Marquisate of Franchimont to the bishop of Liège, just before the creation of the Prince-Bishopric (Prince-Bishopric of Liège). Liège took direct control of the marquisate in 1014, an act which was confirmed by emperor Frederick Barbarossa (Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor) and by Pope Adrian IV in 1155. The medieval hamlet of ''Woromia'' was cited for the first time in 965. On February 5, 1078, ''Woromia'' was ceded to the Prince-Bishopric of Liège, together with its castle, five mills, and six breweries.thumb left Waremme City Hall 150px (File:Waremme 050910 (6).JPG) By 1215, with its 815 inhabitants, it had grown to town size. Its frontier position near the Duchy of Brabant, however, attracted several raids from the duke, causing it to be burnt to the ground and rebuilt at least a couple of times. In the 14th century, the town built a market place and a hospital, slowly becoming an important regional center, where coins were issued and important meetings held. '''André Ernest Modeste Grétry''' (8 February 1741 – 24 September 1813) was a composer from the Prince-Bishopric of Liège (present-day Belgium), who worked from 1767 onwards in France and took French nationality. He is most famous for his ''opéras comiques (opéra comique)''. Another testing point concerned the pro-French Archbishop-Elector, Maximilian Henry (Maximilian Henry of Bavaria), and the question of his succession in the state of Cologne (Electorate of Cologne). The territory of the archbishopric lay along the left bank of the Rhine and included three fortresses of the river-line: Bonn, Rheinberg, and Kaiserswerth (Düsseldorf-Kaiserswerth), besides Cologne itself. Moreover, the archbishop was also prince-bishop of Liège (Prince-Bishopric of Liège), the small state astride the strategic highway of the river Meuse (Meuse (river)). When the Elector died on 3 June 1688 Louis XIV pressed for the pro-French Bishop of Strasbourg, William Egon of Fürstenberg, to succeed him. The Emperor, however, favoured Joseph Clement (Joseph Clemens of Bavaria), the brother of Maximilian Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria (Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria). McKay & Scott: ''The Rise of the Great Powers: 1648–1815,'' 42. The Bavarian Wittelsbachs (House of Wittelsbach) traditionally provided the electoral bishop. With neither candidate able to secure the necessary two-thirds of the vote of the canons (Canon (priest)) of the cathedral chapter, the matter was referred to Rome (Vatican City). There was no prospect of the Pope, already in deep conflict with Louis XIV, favouring the French candidate, and on 26 August 1688 he awarded the election to Clement. Childs: ''The Nine Years' War and the British Army,'' 15. The ''New Cambridge Modern History VI'' states Clement was awarded the election on 18 September. ) (died before 923) was the count of the Bidgau (''pagus Bedensis'') and held the rights of a count within the city of Trier. He received also the advocacy of the Abbey of Saint Rumbold (Rumbold of Mechelen) The abbey founded by St. Rumbold in the 6th, 7th or 8th century and a 9th century St. Rumbold's abbey church subordinate to the bishops of Liège (Prince-Bishopric of Liège) are assumed to have been located in the ''Holm'', higher grounds a little outside the later city walls of Mechelen. A 9th century St. Rumbold's Chapel in the city centre stood till 1580, was rebuilt in 1597 en demolished in 1798. After Prince-Bishop Notger (Notker of Liège)'s founding of the St. Rumbold's Chapter (Chapter (religion)) around 1000, an adjacent collegiate church was built and its parish title was handed to the chapter in 1134. Most likely on its spot, already from around the next turn of the century onwards the wellknown Saint Rumbold's Church (St. Rumbold's Cathedral) was built, consecrated (Consecration) in 1312, and functions as metropolitan cathedral (Archbishopric of Mechelen-Brussels) since 1559. This edifice never belonged to the abbey. Source: Sint-Romboutskerk (ID: 74569), VIOE (Retrieved 29 July 2011) at Mechelen from Charles III of France. From 915 or 916 he was the count palatine of Lotharingia (Count Palatine of the Rhine). He was the founder of the House of Ardennes. The title is reminiscent of the Prince-Bishopric of Liège, a noble title of the Holy Roman Empire which ceased to exist in 1795.


Salerno

of the important musical and artistic affairs in Italy. The city of Salerno has its own permanent opera company (the only one in the region except for Naples). The city is also the site of the fine Giuseppe Martucci conservatory as well as the newly reopened Verdi Theater. Military career Jones was commissioned into 4th Battalion, The Welch Regiment, but was subsequently transferred to the Pembroke Yeomanry. He entered active service in 1939, and later took part in the North African


Württemberg

the shattered finances of the country. But the desire for greater political freedom did not entirely fade away under the constitution of 1819, and after 1830 a certain amount of unrest occurred. This, however, soon died, while the inclusion of Württemberg in the German Zollverein and the construction of railways (History of the railway in Württemberg) fostered trade. By 1798, once more in Munich, he rose to the position of assistant Kapellmeister in one of the most important musical centers of Europe, but in 1807, unhappy at the treatment he received at court and despairing of any further advancement, he left Munich to be Kapellmeister in the smaller and less important Stuttgart court of the new king of Württemberg, Frederick I (Frederick of Württemberg). After five years he moved again to Karlsruhe, where he spent the last years of his life at the Royal Konservatorium struggling to raise the modest courtly musical establishment to respectability. Titles ''Joseph II, by the grace of God elected Holy Roman Emperor, forever August, King in Germany (King of the Romans), King of Jerusalem, Hungary (King of Hungary), Bohemia (King of Bohemia), Dalmatia (History of Dalmatia), Croatia (History of Croatia), Slavonia, Galicia and Lodomeria (Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria), etc. etc. Archduke of Austria (List of rulers of Austria), Duke of Burgundy, Lorraine (List of rulers of Lorraine), Styria, Carinthia (Duchy of Carinthia), Carniola, Grand Duke of Tuscany (Grand Duchy of Tuscany), Grand Prince of Transylvania, Margrave of Moravia (March of Moravia), Duke of Brabant, Limburg (Duke of Limburg), Luxembourg, Gelderland (Guelders), Württemberg, the Upper and Lower Silesia (Duchy of Silesia), Milan (Duchy of Milan), Mantua (Duchy of Mantua), Parma, Piacenza (Duchy of Parma), Guastalla (County of Guastalla), Auschwitz (Duchy of Oświęcim), Zator (Duchy of Zator), Calabria (Duke of Calabria), Bar (Counts and Dukes of Bar), Montferrat, Teschen, Prince of Swabia, Charleville, Princely Count of Habsburg (Habsburg, Switzerland), Flanders (Count of Flanders), Tyrol (County of Tyrol), Hennegau (County of Hainaut), Kyburg, Gorizia, Gradisca, Margrave of the Holy Roman Empire (Antwerp), Burgau, the Upper and Lower Lusatia (March of Lusatia), Pont-à-Mousson, Nomeny, Count of Namur, Provence, Vaudémont, Blâmont, Zutphen (Count of Zutphen), Saarwerden (Sarrewerden), Salm, Falkenstein '''Olaf Saile''' (August 27, 1901 - June 29, 1952) was a German (Germany) writer born in Weitingen (Eutingen im Gäu), Württemberg. Saile's principal claim to fame is the historical novel ''Kepler, Roman einer Zeitwende'' first published in German (German language) in Stuttgart in 1938 and many times reprinted. It is an imagined biography of the life and times of the astronomer and mathematician Johannes Kepler. The novel was translated into English (English language) by James A Galston and published in New York in 1940 by Oskar Piest, under the title ''Troubadour of the Stars''. The novel has occasionally been interpreted as a coded protest against the Nazi régime which Saile had experienced at first hand. Following the banning of the Social Democratic Party (Social Democratic Party (Germany)) by the Nazis, in June 1933 as editor of the newspaper ''Rathenower Zeitung'', during the subsequent wave of arrests Olaf Saile was briefly detained in the Oranienburg Concentration Camp, during which time he was maltreated. His release was apparently secured after a friend and fellow-journalist Käthe Lambert used her journalistic credentials to enter the camp and then to write a report detailing conditions there. They subsequently married. Saile died at the age of 50 and was buried in the Church of St. Bernhardt in Esslingen am Neckar. Käthe Saile is buried alongside her husband. Falkenhayn (Erich von Falkenhayn)'s forces made several probing attacks into the mountain passes held by the Romanian Army to see if there were weaknesses in the Romanian defences. After several weeks, he concentrated his best troops (the elite ''Alpen Korps'') in the south for an attack on the Vulcan Pass. The attack (Battle of Vulcan Pass) was launched on November 10. One of the young officers was the future Field Marshal Erwin Rommel. On November 11, then-Lieutenant Rommel led the Württemberg Mountain Company in the capture of Mount Lescului. The offensive pushed the Romanian defenders back through the mountains and into the plains by November 26. There was already snow covering the mountains and soon operations would have to halt for the winter. Advances by other parts of Falkenhayn's Ninth Army (9th Army (German Empire)) also pushed through the mountains; the Romanian Army was being ground down by the constant battle and their supply situation was becoming critical. * Michałów (Michałów, Pińczów County) (1953) of Poland, which breeds Arabians. *Marbach stud, (1477) also known as Weil-Marbach, Württemberg (present day Germany). Produces Arabians, Black Forest Horses, Haflingers (Haflinger (horse)), and warmbloods. *Yeguada Militar, Spain


Montevideo

WikiPedia:Montevideo Dmoz:Regional South America Uruguay Localities Montevideo commons:Montevideo


Taipei

. The group mixed elements of American-style pop with traditional Taiwanese music, and was a major phenomenon for several years. * Chinese Name: 黃立行, Huang Lixing * Taipei, Taiwan * Occupation: Solo artist His first recordings aroused incredulous amazement about his skills and musical interpretation. Ever since, Barrueco has toured extensively, appearing in some of the world's most important musical centers, including New York, Los


Sarajevo

1–0 1–1 UEFA Euro 2004 Qual. (2004 UEFA European Football Championship qualifying) - As a result of NATO's first sustained air strike operations, all military and political objectives were attained: safe areas were no longer under attack or threatened, heavy weapons had been removed from designated areas, and Sarajevo's airport could once again open, as could road access to the city. More importantly, the path to a peace agreement had been secured. In total, for an overall expenditure of approximately 64 weapons per day—69 percent (44) of which were precision weapons—NATO forces


Uruguay

date February 2012 '''Concurso Internacional''' is an important musical contest in Montevideo, Uruguay. The winner receives a scholarship for one full year of study. The panel of judges consists of composers, conductors and notable concert artists. It has helped to launch the musical careers of numerous guitarists, concert pianists and composers from Montevideo. ''Dealey'' continued these operations, plus a cruise to the Caribbean and an amphibious exercise off the Virginia and North Carolina coasts, until 20 June 1960 when she began a short overhaul at the New York Naval Shipyard. Returning to Newport on 22 July, the escort prepared for distant duty. On 22 August, she sailed for exercises in the Caribbean, and continued on a voyage around South America. After visits to Trinidad, Venezuela, and Colombia, ''Dealey'' sailed through the Panama Canal, down the coast of South America, calling in Ecuador, Peru, and Chile, transited the Straits of Magellan, and turned northward, visiting Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, and Trinidad. On 13 December, ''Dealey'' arrived home in Newport, where she passed the remainder of the year. '''Marcelo Danubio Zalayeta''' (born December 5, 1978 in Montevideo) is an Uruguayan football (Association football) striker (Forward (association football)), who currently plays for Peñarol (C.A. Peñarol). Club career Zalayeta started his career with Danubio and then moving to Peñarol in Uruguay, where he made a name for himself. He moved to Juventus in 1997 but considered a promising young player at the time, he was not given much of a chance to prove himself. He spent a season on loan with Empoli (Empoli F.C.), and he also starred in Uruguay's surge for the Copa América in 1999, who lost in the final to Brazil. Two more years away from the club followed, he played for Sevilla (Sevilla FC) until 2001. At last when it seemed Juve lacked forwards he was brought back to Italy at the start of 2001–02, but he was loaned out to Perugia (A.C. Perugia) in 2004 before returning to Juventus in the same year. Although he has not played many matches thus far he has done well the times he has been given a chance. Soon afterward, the Royal Marines were moved to a C-130 Hercules transport aircraft, which would take them to Comodoro Rivadavia, where they were to be picked up by another airliner to Uruguay and on to the United Kingdom. Members of FIDF were not taken to Argentina along with members of NP 8901; instead they were disarmed and returned to their homes. Bound, pp. 35 ff. As the Marines were being taken to Montevideo, one of them said to an Argentine guard "don't make yourself too comfy here mate, we'll be back". Although he was born in the U.S., Sittig's mother is Uruguayan and he was raised in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He is perhaps best known as co-director and choreographer of the World Premiere of the Spanish version of Stephen Schwartz (Stephen Schwartz (composer))'s musical ''Working (Working (musical))'' (Spanish title: ''Trabajadores''). Most recently, Sittig has directed and choreographed successful productions of'' Jerry's Girls'' and ''Red, Hot & Cole''. La Plata dolphins The La Plata (La Plata Dolphin) or Franciscana dolphin (''Pontoporia blainvillei'') is the most threatened small cetacean in the southwest Atlantic Ocean due to bycatch. They are only found in the coastal waters of Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay. This species has been divided into four ranges (FMU’s: Franciscana Management Units) for management and conservation purposes. These populations are genetically different. Mortality rates are 1.6% for FMU 4 and 3.3% for FMU 3 but it is unknown whether these estimates are accurate. Aerial surveys have proven inconclusive so far as to the population numbers of franciscanas. To rectify this situation, more surveys are needed as well as political commitment, awareness campaigns and bycatch mitigation techniques. '''Jorge Daniel Fossati Lurachi''' (born 22 November 1952 in Montevideo) is a former Uruguayan (Uruguay) football (football (soccer))er and now a coach, currently coaching Al-Sadd (Sadd Sports Club) in Qatar Stars League. He was played as a goalkeeper, mainly in Peñarol (C.A. Peñarol). While playing at Peñarol, he helped the club win five league titles. He also had spells in Argentina with Independiente (Club Atlético Independiente) and Rosario Central, in Chile with Green Cross Temuco (currently Deportes Temuco) and with Brazilian team Coritiba (Coritiba Foot Ball Club). Recent years In recent years (2000–2007), the Colombian club of Deportivo Cali from the city of Santiago de Cali, has seen a major downfall in quality of players, quality of team and general managers, and overall result in both Copa Mustang, and Copa Toyota Libertadores. During this time frame, Cali won 1 more championships (2005), but lost finals to the underdog teams such as Deportes Tolima, and Deportivo Pasto. Not only this, but during this time, Deportivo Cali, for the first time in Copa Mustang history, did not make it to what the DIMAYOR calls the "Cuadrangulares", or the "semi-finals" of the cup. In the recent 2007 Finalization season, Deportivo for the second time in club history, failed to make it to the cuadrangulares. Spectators say that the down fall of the 2007 season way a result of the major injury of Sergio Herrera, and the departure of Martin Cardetti. During the time frame of 2006–2007, the club from Santiago de Cali have seen over 3 different coaches, and 2 different ones in the 2007 Finalization season alone. Some of the coaches which served Deportivo Cali during this time are: Omar Labruna, Nestor Otero, and Pedro Sarmiento. Deportivo Cali fans and the Board of Directors of Club Asociación Deportivo Cali hoped that the newly elected coach, Uruguayan Jose Daniel Carreño, would have changed the face of the club, and re-enter them back to their glory days, he failed and was replaced by Ricardo Martinez before the end of the "Cuadrangulares" during the Copa Mustang I 2008. With new a stadium and having Adidas as a sponsor, Deportivo Cali made it to the 2010–2011 quarter finals even when people were saying that they were already eliminated since they had the worst start in Deportivo Cali's history by losing the first 4th games. In the quarter finals they were eliminated in a penalty shoot-out by Atlético Nacional, in a match that could've gone either way. Deportivo Cali is also going to be present in the 2011 Copa Sudamericana which is holding the draw on June 28, 2011. * 6 from Argentina * 4 from Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela each location Montreal, Quebec region_served Canada, the United States, Colombia, Brazil, Japan, Haiti, Central African Republic, South Africa, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay, Bahamas, and the Dominican Republic membership The 21st century As of 2008 the various Grey Nun branches operate in Canada, the United States, Colombia, Brazil, Japan, Haiti, Central African Republic, South Africa, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay, Bahamas, and the Dominican Republic. Grey Nuns ministries worldwide. Accessed August 26, 2008. Grey Nuns of the Sacred Heart Ministries. Accessed August 26, 2008.


Seoul

, South Korea, with her husband, Zhujiu Jiang, also a 9-dan professional. She and Mr. Jiang participate actively in Korean tournaments. His first recordings aroused incredulous amazement about his skills and musical interpretation. Ever since, Barrueco has toured extensively, appearing in some of the world's most important musical centers, including New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, London, Munich, Madrid, Barcelona, Milan, Rome, Copenhagen


Jamaica

, where they met musicians and singers. They also got their first real glance at the African culture of Haiti in the form it was handed down from members of various tribes. They founded a group to study ''vodou'' music, giving it the name of ''Moun Ife'' ("People of the Abode of the Deities"). Lolo stated that Bob Marley, another important musical inspiration, made him think. When he heard the Jamaican legend in 1976 (1976 in music), he thought he could create something similar


Liverpool

festival that is one of the most important musical events in Liverpool's calendar. It is Europe's largest free music event and takes place every August. Commons:category:Liverpool Dmoz:Regional Europe United Kingdom England Merseyside Liverpool Wikipedia:Liverpool


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