of :Category:Cities and towns in Finland. Jakobstad is way too small to deserve its own category at this point. The category has a total of '''three''' articles, one for the city itself and two for historical people associated with it. To see how minor this city is compared to the others with their own categories, see List of Finnish municipalities by population and the other Finnish city categories. Currently the '''next smallest''' city with its own category is Kajaani (see :Category:Kajaani), which also has very few articles. Kajaani is at place 21 - Jakobstad is at place 54. That's a bigger difference in placings than between Kajaani and the biggest city, Helsinki. According to the list, Kajaani has 35842 people, Jakobstad has 19457. That means Kajaani is 1.84 times as big as Jakobstad, '''and still''' is a reasonably small city in Finland. Keep in mind that of the other cities with their own categories, Kajaani is the '''smallest''', and even then it has such a huge difference compared to Jakobstad. I recommend this category be '''deleted'''. J I P (User:JIP) Talk (User talk:JIP) 11:29, 19 January 2006 (UTC) *'''Delete''' Rankings aren't important, but the non-existence of articles for categorisation is. Biographies are marginal items in a city category anyway. CalJW (User:CalJW) 17:27, 19 January 2006 (UTC) When Huovinen was six months old, his family moved to Sotkamo, where he lived until his death. As a child, Huovinen was known as well-mannered, yet he had a reputation for outlandish stories and occasional mischief. He went to high school in Kajaani, but his studies were interrupted in 1944 when he served as a volunteer AA gunner in the Finnish Army. He graduated after the war in 1946, enrolling in the University of Helsinki, from where he graduated with a M.A. in forestry in 1952. - AC Kajaani Kajaani Pohjois-Suomi (SPL Pohjois-Suomen piiri) AC Kajaani Kakkonen * * - logosize 150px city Kajaani, Finland league Mestis '''Hokki''' are a Finnish (Finland) ice hockey team based at Kajaani. Established in 1968 (1968 in sports). Full name of the club is ''Kajaanin Hokki''. align center 2011 Kajaani, Finland -bgcolor "#eeeeee" align center try-out Kajaani, Finland -bgcolor "#eeeeee" thumb right 300px Kajaani Castle ruins. (Image:Kajaanin linna.jpg) The '''Kajaani castle''' (Finnish (Finnish language): ''Kajaanin linna'', Swedish (Swedish language): ''Kajaneborg'', ''Kajaneborgs slott'', or with older spelling ''Cajanaborg'') was built on the Ämmäkoski island of the Kajaani river in the centre of Kajaani, Finland, in the century. Wikipedia:Kajaani Commons:Category:Kajaani
With the Han conquest of the Hexi Corridor in 121 BC, the city-states at the Tarim Basin were caught in between the onslaught of the war, with much shifting of allegiance. Millward (2006), 21. There were several Han military expeditions undertaken to secure the submission of the local kings to the Han empire; the Han took control of the regions for strategic purposes while the Xiongnu needed the regions as a source of revenue. Due to the ensuing war with the Han empire, the Xiongnu were forced to extract more crafts and agricultural foodstuffs from the Tarim Basin urban centers. Cosmo (2002), 250–251. By 115 BC, the Han had set up commanderies (Commandery (China)) at Jiuquan and Wuwei (Wuwei, Gansu), while extending the old Qin (Qin Dynasty) fortifications from Lingju to the area west of Dunhuang. From 115 to 60 BC, the Han and Xiongnu battled for control and influence over these states, Yü (1986), 390–391. which saw the rise of power of the Han empire over eastern Central Asia with the decline of that of the Xiongnu's. Lewis (2007), 137–138. The Han empire brought the states of Loulan (Loulan Kingdom), Jushi (Turpan), Luntai (Bügür), Dayuan (Ferghana), and Kangju (Soghdiana) into tributary submission (List of tributaries of Imperial China) between 108 to 101 BC. Chang (2007b), 174; Yü (1986), 409–411. The farthest-reaching invasion was Li Guangli's four-year campaign (War of the Heavenly Horses) towards Ferghana (Fergana Valley) in the Syr Darya and Amu Darya valleys (present-day Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan). Yü (1986), 409–411. The long walled defense line that now stretched all the way to Dunhuang protected the people, guided caravans and troops to and from Central Asia, and served to separate the Xiongnu from their allies, the Qiang people. Loewe (2009), 71. However, the jailer Huyan Ping (呼延平) was a former subordinate of Murong De's, and he took Lady Gongsun and Lady Duan and escaped to the lands of the Qiang (Qiang people) tribes, where Lady Duan gave birth to Murong Chao. After Lady Gongsun died in 394, Huyan Ping took Lady Duan and Murong Chao to Later Liang. Later, after Later Liang surrendered to Later Qin in 403, Huyan Ping, Lady Duan, and Murong Chao were among the populace of the Later Liang capital Guzang (姑臧, in modern Wuwei (Wuwei, Gansu), Gansu) forcibly relocated to the Later Qin capital Chang'an. There, Huyan Ping died, and Lady Duan had Murong Chao take Huyan Ping's daughter (Empress Huyan (Murong Chao)) as his wife. However, Huyan Ping was then the jailer, and took Murong Na and Murong De's mother Lady Gongsun and Lady Duan and escaped to the lands of the Qiang (Qiang people) tribes, where Lady Duan gave birth to Murong Chao. After Lady Gongsun died in 394, Huyan Ping took Lady Duan and Murong Chao to Later Liang. Later, after Later Liang surrendered to Later Qin in 403, Huyan Ping, Lady Duan, and Murong Chao were among the populace of the Later Liang capital Guzang (姑臧, in modern Wuwei (Wuwei, Gansu), Gansu) forcibly relocated to the Later Qin capital Chang'an. There, Huyan Ping died, and Lady Duan had Murong Chao take Huyan Ping's daughter as his wife. '''Lü Long''' (呂隆) (died 416), courtesy name '''Yongji''' (永基), was the last emperor of the Chinese (History of China) Di (Di (ethnic group)) state Later Liang. He was the nephew of the founding emperor Lü Guang (Emperor Yiwu), and he took the throne after his brother Lü Chao (呂超) assassinated the emperor Lü Zuan (Emperor Ling) in 401 and offered the throne to him. During his reign, Later Liang was under constant attacks by Northern Liang and Southern Liang and reduced largely to its capital Guzang (姑臧, in modern Wuwei (Wuwei, Gansu), Gansu). In 403, Lü Long decided to end the state by surrendering Guzang to Later Qin's emperor Yao Xing. He became a Later Qin official, but after aligning himself with Yao Xing's son Yao Bi (姚弼), who made unsuccessful attempts to seize the crown prince position from Yao Hong, was executed by Yao Hong after Yao Xing's death in 416. Early reign Juqu Mengxun, having taken the ducal title, promoted a number of officials who were considered capable, and it was said that the people of his state were pleased. He also nominally submitted to the Later Qin emperor Yao Xing as a vassal, although remaining in reality independent. However, he immediately faced the crisis that his Jiuquan (酒泉) and Liangning (涼寧) Commanderies (roughly modern Jiuquan, Gansu) rebelled against him and joined Western Liang. He became fearful, and he sent his brother Juqu Ru (沮渠挐) the Marquess of Dugu and official Zhang Qian (張潜) to meet Yao Xing's uncle Yao Shuode (姚碩德), who had just recently sieged Later Liang's capital Guzang (姑臧, in modern Wuwei (Wuwei, Gansu), Gansu) and forced the Later Liang emperor Lü Long to submit, offering to surrender his state to Later Qin. Yao Shuode was pleased, but upon return to Northern Liang, while Zhang recommended such surrender, Juqu Ru argued against it, and Juqu Mengxun, while remaining nominally a Later Qin vassal, executed Zhang and never actually surrendered his state. He also tried to make peace with Southern Liang's prince Tufa Lilugu, initially sending his son Juqu Xi'nian (沮渠奚念) as a hostage to Southern Liang, but Tufa Lilugu rejected Juqu Xi'nian, stating that he was too young to be a meaningful hostage and demanding Juqu Ru instead. After initially refusing, Juqu Mengxun gave in to Southern Liang demands after Tufa Lilugu defeated him in battle. Very little is known about Princess Meng. She was mentioned as Juqu Mengxun's wife in 413, when she thwarted an assassination attempt against him by the eunuch Wang Huaizu (王懷祖) and captured Wang. She was probably the mother of his first two heirs apparent (heir apparent) Juqu Xingguo (沮渠興國) and Juqu Puti (沮渠菩提), although this is not completely clear. It appears unlikely that she was the mother of his actual successor Juqu Mujian. During Juqu Mujian's reign, a princess dowager was mentioned, without any names, and it could have been Princess Meng or Juqu Mujian's birth mother. If it was Princess Meng, then she died in the Northern Wei capital Pingcheng (平城, in modern Datong, Shanxi) after Juqu Mujian's capital Guzang (姑臧, in modern Wuwei (Wuwei, Gansu), Gansu) had fallen to Northern Wei forces and he had been taken captive, but she was still buried with honors due a princess. The succession table below assumes that she survived to Juqu Mengxun's death in 433, but that is obviously conjecture. In 439, aggravated that Juqu Mujian's sister and sister-in-law Lady Li (with whom Juqu Mujian was having an affair) had tried to poison Princess Wuwei, and also unhappy that Juqu Mujian had friendly relations with Rouran, decided to launch a major attack on Northern Liang. Li Shun, who had previously advised him to attack Northern Liang, by this point had somehow switched positions and, along with Tuxi Bi, opposed such military actions, stating falsely that there was so little water and grass for grazing in Northern Liang that Northern Wei troops would suffer from thirst and hunger. At Cui Hao's insistence, however, Emperor Taiwu believed that he could conquer Northern Liang, and he launched the campaign. He quickly reached the Northern Liang capital Guzang (姑臧, in modern Wuwei (Wuwei, Gansu), Gansu) in the fall, capturing it after a short siege. Meanwhile, Yujiulü Wuti had launched a surprise attack on Pingcheng to try to save Northern Liang, but was repelled. (Cui Hao, who was a political enemy of Li Shun's, would attribute Li's switch in position to bribes by Juqu Mujian, and later Emperor Taiwu would force Li to commit suicide.) Northern Liang territory was largely in Northern Wei's control, and although both Juqu Mujian's brother Juqu Wuhui and Tufa Baozhou (禿髮保周), a son of Southern Liang's last prince Tufa Rutan, would try to hold various parts of Northern Liang territory, by 440 Tufa Baozhou would be dead by suicide after failures, and by 441 Juqu Wuhui had fled to Gaochang. Northern China was now united under Emperor Taiwu's reign, ending the Sixteen Kingdoms era and starting the Southern and Northern Dynasties era. He continued to treat Juqu Mujian as a brother-in-law, and Juqu Mujian was allowed to continue carry the title of Prince of Hexi. In 439, Emperor Taiwu, even though by this point he had taken Juqu Mengxun's daughter as a concubine and had married his sister Princess Wuwei (Princess Tuoba) to Juqu Mengxun's son and successor Juqu Mujian, became resolved to conquer Northern Liang, and Cui greatly encouraged him, despite opposition from other key officials, including Li Shun, Daxin Jin (達奚斤), and Tuxi Bi (吐奚弼). (Why Li switched his position from supporting a campaign to opposing it at this point was unclear, but Cui would later accuse him of having accepted bribes from Juqu Mengxun and Juqu Mujian.) Li and Tuxi argued that Northern Liang's territory was desolate, and that the Northern Wei army would run out of food and water. Emperor Taiwu followed Cui's suggestion, and was able to quickly conquer Northern Liang and force Juqu Mujian's surrender—and when he saw that the region around Northern Liang's capital Guzang (姑臧, in modern Wuwei (Wuwei, Gansu), Gansu) was exceptionally fertile, he became very resentful of Li, and would eventually force Li to commit suicide in 442. Meanwhile, after the conquest of Northern Liang, at Cui's request, Juqu Mujian's officials Yin Zhongda (陰仲達) and Duan Chenggen (段承根) were added to Cui's staff of historians. He also added Gao Yun (Gao Yun (Northern Wei)) to his staff around this time.
(historical people) Dangxiang Qiang submitted to the Tang, which "bestowed" upon him the royal name of Li (李). Towards the end of the Tang, the Tuoba brought troops to suppress the Huang Chao Rebellion (874–884) on behalf of the Tang court and took control of the Xia State, or Xia Zhou, in northern Shaanxi in 881. After the Tang fell in 907, the Tuoba descendants formally declared resistance against the expanding Northern Song (Song dynasty#Northern Song, 960–1127) in 982
in the book that it was named for the historical people and territory in Portugal, which the inhabitants are descended from. See also *Lusitanians *Lusitanian mythology *Lusitanian language *Emerita Augusta *Ophiussa *Portugal *History of Portugal *Timeline of Portuguese history *Spain *History of Spain *Timeline of Spanish history *Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula * Romanization of Hispania
The extant copy has the form of a scroll, about 16 feet long. The archaeologist Sir Marc Aurel Stein purchased it in 1907 in the walled-up Mogao Caves near Dunhuang in northwest China from a monk guarding the caves - known as the "Caves of a Thousand Buddhas". Current status The Flemish (Flanders) Catholic missionary, Schram, who wrote about the Monguor based on residence in the current Qinghai Province in the early twentieth century, cited Comte de Lesdain, Lesdain, Jacques (1908). From Pekin to Sikkim through the Ordos, the Gobi Desert and Tibet. London: J. Murray. who characterized the Monguor as "the most authentic reminder of the primitive race from which the Chinese sprung." Schram, Louis M. J. (1954). "The Monguors of the Kansu-Tibetan Frontier. Their Origin, History, and Social Organization." Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 44(1): 1-138. p. 25. This characterization reflected that the Monguor culture under their observation has embodied "a high civilization fortified by its own history and distinctive social structure" Nietupski, Paul (2006). Louis Schram and the Study of Social and Political History. The Monguors of the Kansu-Tibetan Frontier. Louis M. J. Schram and Kevin Charles Stuart (editor). Xining, Plateau Publications: 30-36. p. 32. developed by the Xianbei forefathers from their extensive rulings over China and preserved by the "Monguor" "Tu". As early as the Tuyühu period, Confucianism served as the core ideology to govern the country, and the Chinese Buddhism and Shamanism functioned as the principle religions. In Western Xia, Confucianism was further strengthened, and Taoism was made into the national religion along with Buddhism. As the Yellow Sect of Buddhism, also known as the Tibetan Buddhism, became prevalent in the northwest, their religious lives shifted from the Chinese toward Tibetan Buddhism. After Western Xia fell, its territory centered in Ningxia was fragmented by the successive establishments of Shaanxi, Gansu, and Qinghai provinces, which increasingly weakened the political and military powers of the Monguor. Through the Ming (Ming Dynasty) (1368–1644) and Qing (Qing Dynasty) (1644–1912) dynasties, the Monguor continued to play important roles in the national defense, and political and religious affairs of China. Starting in the middle of the Ming Dynasty, the ranches of the Monguor were taken into the state possession, and their horses became the subject of being drafted into the national army and looted by the Mongols from the north, resulting in the eventual shift of their lifestyles toward sedentary agriculture, supplemented by minimum animal husbandry, as the original Monguor groups became settled into the form of different villages. In the last two centuries, the areas formerly occupied by the Monguor were encroached upon by increasing inland Chinese migrations. Throughout this period, the Monguor maintained a high degree of political autonomy and self governance under the local chiefdom system of Tusi. Li, Peiye 李培业 (1995). "Xi xia huang zu hou yi kao Investigation on the descendants of the Royal Family of Western Xia 西夏皇族后裔考." Xi bei da xue xue bao Journal fo Northwest University 西北大学学报 88 (3): 46-52. Da, Song 大松 (1996). "Li pei ye shi xi xia huang zu hou yi Li Peiye is the descendant of the Royal Family of Western Xia 李培业是西夏皇族
are based on semi or actual historical people whose story has been passed down centuries; Lady Godiva for instance was said to have ridden naked on horseback through Coventry, Hereward the Wake was a heroic English figure resisting the Norman invasion, Herne the Hunter is an equestrian (equestrianism) ghost associated with Windsor (Windsor, Berkshire) Forest and Great Park (Windsor Great Park) and Mother Shipton is the archetypal witch.
the magical power to grant three wishes in exchange for release. The Leprechaun Legend: Fantasy Ireland In mythology, English fairytales such as ''Jack and the Beanstalk'' helped form the modern perception of giants (Giant (mythology)) as stupid and violent, while the legendary dwarf Tom Thumb is a traditional hero in English folklore. Some folk figures are based on semi or actual historical people whose story
Caribbean proprietary resort of Labadee, Haiti. country Commons:Category:Helsinki Wikipedia:Helsinki Dmoz:Regional Europe Finland Southern Finland Localities Helsinki