, education, cultural facilities, fire department, roads and ports. The town is the seat of the Governor of Svalbard. It is the world's northernmost settlement of any kind with greater than 1,000 permanent residents. Known as '''Longyear City''' until 1926, the town was established by and named after John Munro Longyear, whose Arctic Coal Company started coal mining operations in 1906. Operations were taken over by Store Norske Spitsbergen Kulkompani (SNSK) in 1916, which
; Legacy: The Christofor Foundation Lady Beaverbrook died in 1994 having donated the equivalent of nearly $300 million (at today's value) to support education, cultural undertakings and wildlife preservation. In addition to the charitable trusts from both of her husbands, the Christofor Foundation for charitable purposes was established by friends out of her personal estate. A lover of animals, among the many philanthropic causes Lady Beaverbrook supported, the established the Sir James Dunn Animal Welfare Centre at the University of Prince Edward Island with a $2.2 million gift. Amongst other worthwhile causes, the Foundation from her personal estate also helped fund the Science East Association in Fredericton, New Brunswick. Because the Province of New Brunswick was home to both of her husbands, it contains many institutions built with funding from their estates. However, large contributions were made to numerous causes throughout the four Atlantic Provinces, most notably in education. In her memory, the Sir James Dunn Foundation of Saint John, New Brunswick made a $1 million donation toward the establishment of a student residence bearing her name at Acadia University in Wolfville, Nova Scotia. Christofor Hall was officially opened on October 26, 2002. '''CHSJ-FM''' is a radio station at 94.1 MHz on the FM (FM radio) dial in Saint John, New Brunswick. The station plays country music under the '''Country 94''' branding. CHSJ is owned by Acadia Broadcasting, a subsidiary of Ocean Capital Investments. '''CJYC-FM''' is a Canadian radio station broadcasting from Saint John, New Brunswick at 98.9 MHz. It is owned and operated by the Maritime Broadcasting System. 98.9 Big John FM plays "EVERYTHING THAT ROCKS" and, was known as '''C98''' until August 2006. '''CIOK-FM''', better known as '''K100''', is an FM (Frequency Modulation) radio station broadcasting in the Greater Saint John (Saint John, New Brunswick) area of New Brunswick, Canada. The station currently carries a contemporary hit radio format programmed from sister station, CKCW-FM in Moncton. Prior to July 2009, it aired an Adult Contemporary format until changing to contemporary hit radio.
. Longyearbyen is located in the valley of Adventdalen, at the end of Adventfjorden, a bay of Isfjorden (Isfjorden (Svalbard)) located on the west coast of Spitsbergen. Since 2002, Longyearbyen Community Council has had many of the same responsibilities of a municipality (municipalities of Norway), including utilities, education, cultural facilities, fire department, roads and ports. It governs an area of . The town is also the seat of the Governor